Keywords : Agriculture

Struggle of Agriculturists due to Modern Technology

Sandhya Naveen

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 129-134
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.080

Farmers are the backbones of our nation. Their field work will reduce the peoples hunger and keeps the land fertile with green environment. At present, most of the traditional techniques of agriculture are replaced by the technologies. Modernization and modification of technology is helped a lot to the people to a maximum extent. Technology has brought up to consume the time and complete the work with less number of workers. Influence of technologies became a big metal ball to the agriculturist having less cultivation land and the small scale agriculturists of rural area. The technology made poor farmers to struggle for the workers. Information technology is speed enough to reach the information to almost all the farmers. As the technology sounded more, the people who were working in fields started turning towards the technology having family as they will get less work. So, poor farmers couldn’t fulfil the demands of the workers in different ways. Some of the poor formers gave up the agriculture because of lack of workers. In fact small scales agriculturists are far from the utilization of technology list and their presence are disappeared. Author winded up the study with the highlighting the major problems faced by the small scale agriculturists in rural area. Some possible suggestions are mentioned to overcome from these difficulties to live stress less peaceful life.

Production and Prospects of Agriculture -A case Study of Shimoga District of Karnataka

Ganeshappa K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 111-115
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.271

Agriculture has a predominant role not only for food grains to the people but also supplies raw materials to the industries and it is considered as integral part of social, culture, tradition, and combination of all walks of life in the district. The present paper focuses on the problems and prospects of agriculture in the Shimoga District of Karnataka especially on major production problems faced by the farmers. The production problems like quality seeds are not available, sources of irrigation non-available in time; supply of power is insufficient, non-availability of labour in the peak period, literacy rate of the farmers is very low, farmers depended on local moneylenders etc. The paper highlights on the prospects of agriculture, such as plantation and horticulture, dairy farming, mushroom, organic farming etc. The multistage random sampling methodology was followed to collect the primary data. The statistical tool used for testing hypothesis is chi-square test. It is significant at 5% level of significance that there is an association between production and the problem of agricultural products. (P<0.001). The sustainability of agriculture is possible where there is need for perfect synergy between public and private sectors, civil society organizations in the society.

Structure and Financial Performance of Primary Agricultural Credit Cooperative Societies in Mizoram

Mr. Vanlalmuana; Dr. Laldinliana

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICARD 2020, Pages 202-206
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.120

Agriculture is one of the most important sectors in the country as more than 55 percent of total workforce in India is engaged in the sector. Since the formulation of Indian Cooperative Societies Act in 1912, cooperative sector plays a major role in delivering credit to the masses. One of the main players of Rural Short-Term Cooperative Credit System (RSTCC) in the country as well as in Mizoram is Primary Agricultural Credit Cooperative Societies (PACS). The paper examines the structure and financial performance of 25 sample PACS using certain structure and financial parameters like – villages covered, membership, employment generation, working capital, total business, capital structure, CD ratio, debt-equity ratio, return on investment etc. And to draw inferences, statistical tools like CAGR, t-value of curve estimation, ratios and Pearson Correlation were used. While the village coverage is low, membership base has increased significantly. The sample PACS were able to utilise its membership base to increase its share capital. However, credit-deposit ratio and capital structure of the sample PACS do not have significant relationship on return on investment.

AgriGeek - A Mobile Application based on Smart Farming Hybrid Monitoring System

Karthikraj H; Kavinraja A S; Kishore Karthi; Sree Poornalinga K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue 6, Pages 11-14
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.30

In olden days our ancestors followed an effective seasonal method for traditional agriculture. But due to changes in the climatic conditions and natural disasters, the seasonal method is not working effectively nowadays. Internet of Things is trying to do smart farming and it’s becoming a trend now. But, research shows that the smart farming is degrading the quality of farming and agriculture. In order to provide a quality farming, we propose a new dynamic clustering and data gathering system for harnessing the IoT in agriculture. This paper provides a new IoT based Smart Farming using Hybrid Monitoring System called the AgriGeek, supported with a mobile interfaced application which improves the efficiency of smart farming. AgriGeek helps the farmers to remotely monitor and control their farmland, harvested crops and farming equipment through mobile phones. A well-connected farming network has been created for knowledge sharing among the farmers by measuring agri-related information like temperature, humidity, soil PH, soil

Design and Fabrication of Automatic Solar Seed Sowing Machine

Elayadevan E; Girish S; Karthick U

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue 6, Pages 131-135
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.50

Most countries have a high growth rate in agriculture. The agriculture sector determines the economy of each country. The value of the economy depends on agriculture. Agriculture plays an important role in the development of each country. The agriculture sector is driving growth. Most people in India depend on agriculture. They give importance to agriculture. Many people use old technology for agriculture. Population increases in the future are likely to cause food shortages. To prevent this, agriculture needs to be developed. New technologies are welcome. The state should take over the agriculture sector. The state should take up agriculture. The agriculture sector needs to be developed so as not to cause loss to the farmers. Farmers should be given more concessions. New technologies should be introduced to agriculture. Introduction of automatic operating machinery. Solar powered machines should be introduced. The machine buys energy from the sun and converts it into energy. The machine sprinkles the seeds at specified intervals. Automatically pit. Once the seeds are sprayed, they will automatically cover the excavated area. All of these will work automatically. This reduces time and reduces cost. Increasing the savings. The need for human beings decreases. The agricultural sector is booming and the economy is booming. Increasing the value and growth of the economy.