Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S


A study on changing trends in campus placement among colleges in Chennai

Helen Sha Diana; Priyanka A; Ms Priyadharshini

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.051

The study signifies the upcoming and recent technological trends used by companies to recruit the candidates through campus recruitment among colleges. The study also aims at the importance of placement cell among colleges for the further campus hiring process, it, therefore, analyses the recent techniques and strategies used by the companies. The study also paves the way in identifying the talented and qualified candidates through varied interviews, thus gathers about information on job feasibility provided for young students. Recent times have also paved the way for young minds to get into the world of e-recruitment. The Economic Times also stated in a 2019 report on how IIT graduates gave up on their dollar dreams for start-ups and new-age tech companies, which reflected in changing the corp landscape. The descriptive research design is used for the study. The universe of the present study is done in various colleges in Chennai among final-year students and campus placement co-ordinators. The sample size used for the study is 60. The Sampling method used for the study is the Non-Probability sampling method with a Convenient sampling type. Both the primary data and secondary sources of data are used in the study. The primary data used in the study is the questionnaire method. The secondary sources used in the study are E-Books, E-Journals, E-Articles, Google Scholar website, Shodhganga-Inflibnet, other literary searches. The statistical test reveals the significant difference between the gender of the respondents and the emotional impact of students getting filtered in campus placement gets depressed because most of the students may feel campus placement could play a vital role in their life.

Automatic Restaurant Food Ordering Menu Card

Kousalya M.; Lakshi E.; Mukesh Kanna R.K.; Pravin G.; Prabhu T.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 7-12
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.052

In every field of human life, automation has become more important. But there are also many areas where more common methods are being used. The restaurant ordering system is one such area.The goal of this project is to create a touch-based food ordering methd as well as a secure payment process which can be used to change the conventional ordering process. For general, the food ordering procedure as actually given in the menu card format in restaurant, then the customer will have to choose the food item, so the server would have to come back and take their orders, which is really a long method of processing. The paper recommended a completely integrated ordering system, in which a more user-friendly and touch - screen menu card replaces the conventional paper-based menu ordering process. A computer consists of a microcontroller which is connected to the input and output devices. The input device has become a touch - screen module placed on the monitor of the HMI (Human-Machine Interface) that takes feedback from the consumer and input from the microcontroller. The LCD output module in a kitchen and cashier or the manager system that displays the customer order. The RF transceiver module, as well as the cashier/manager system, connects to the table and kitchen system.On the HMI display, the microcontroller displays menu entries as well. At the receiving end, the chosen objects are shown on the LCD, and at the buzzer the latest order will be shown. . Payment can be made with the QR code after completion of your meals from your reserved seat. This technology requires no power from humans and saves time.

Doctor Appointment System Using Cloud

Karthikraj H; Savitha V; Pavithra M; Mohammed Fayyaz K M; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 13-17
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.053

This paper is about optimising the appointment scheduling in hospitals using an web application.Online Doctor appointment is a web-App, this provides a signup and sign in for both doctors and patients. Doctors can sign up by giving his necessary details like timings, fee, and category. After successful signup, the doctor can sign in by giving username and password. The doctor can view the booking request by patients and if he accepts the patient requests the status will be shown as patient booking. The patients must be signup and sign in to book a doctor basing the category and the type of problem patient is facing and the location. The search results will show the list of doctors matching patients required criteria and he can select one and send a request to doctor and if he is available he will send the confirmation booking request and says confirmed to the patient. The patient can view the appointment and also he will get the sms saying the appointment scheduling is Confirmed.

On road assistant finder

Jayavarthini S; Savitha V; Mathanraj K; Nandha kumar P; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 18-22
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.054

The proposed application helps to find mechanics easily and quickly. It is difficult to find mechanics nearby area wherever you are travelling. This system helps to overcome this issue by providing mechanic details in one click. Here the locator allows you to search mechanics from different locations. Admin is allowed to access and manage mechanic details. This online mechanic locator reduces work and can easily find the mechanics from various location. Reduces your time and cost. The main objective is to provide a better service and to make the process easily and finally appointing a mechanic quickly. Proposed system is accessed by three entities namely, Admin, Mechanic and User. A mechanic can perform task such as viewing request received from users and can also send feedback to the admin. User can send a request and can appoint a mechanic on respective date-time. A service organization is a business entity that takes care of servicing a customer instrument in the after sales domain. As the customers and size of operations increases, the organization divides the geographical area into service areas and branch locations, to allow Engineers to be more responsive to the customer-needs

Voice Controlled Home Automation

Mani bharathi P; Keerthana S; Lishiya P; Chinmaya S; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 23-25
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.055

Home automation is highly required and helpful nowadays, because people under their work pressure they may not remember to turn off the electrical appliances in the house. It leads to wastage of electricity and power. In modern era power consuming is more important and needed one. This project helps us to ON or OFF the electrical appliances through remote process in remote place. People in their workplace they can control the home gadgets using this system. Everyone has a mail service nowadays every apps requires mail authentication. The mail has its own assistant called google assistant through this assistant we can control the appliances by speech recognition famously called voice recognition or through text in assistant. Electrical appliances are connected by Relay and connected to the network to access it in remote place. For our every command in google assistant it gives us a reply of what is the status. We can set the commands to perform those operations. Only for those specific commands it will perform actions.

Sentimental Data Analysis-To Predict the User Emotions

Pranesh S; Jenita J R; Nisha D; Prabakar D

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 26-29
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.056

Creating a survey website in which the information will be updated automatically by analyzing the data in social media. In our project  we are collecting  the data from the user's  through Application  program  interface  and predicting  the result  of data whether is positive  or negative  emotions  of text. The Neutral emotions are calculated through   polarity score which represents the percentage of text emotions of a collected set of data. This way of predicting  the data of user's  helps to improve  user's  need and also  understanding  the user mindset ,through  that satisfying  their  needs  and service. Biggest advantage of using the concept of sentiment analysis is to improve the user needs by directly collecting the data from the large set of users.     

Plant Disease Detection Using Deep Learning

Kowshik B; Savitha V; Nimosh madhav M; Karpagam G; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 30-33
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.057

Agriculture is extremely important in human life. Almost 60% of the population is engaged in some kind of agriculture, either directly or indirectly. There are no technologies in the traditional system to detect diseases in various crops in an agricultural environment, which is why farmers are not interested in increasing their agricultural productivity day by day. Crop diseases have an impact on the growth of their respective species, so early detection is critical. Many Machine Learning (ML) models have been used to detect and classify crop diseases, but with recent advances in a subset of ML, Deep Learning (DL), this area of research appears to have a lot of promise in terms of improved accuracy. The proposed method uses a convolutional neural network and a Deep Neural Network to identify and recognise crop disease symptoms effectively and accurately. Furthermore, multiple efficiency metrics are used to assess these strategies. This article offers a thorough description of the DL models that are used to visualise crop diseases. Furthermore, several research gaps are identified from which greater transparency for detecting diseases in plants can be obtained, even before symptoms occur. The proposed methodology aims to develop a convolution neural network-based strategy for detecting plant leaf disease.

EMI Tracking System

Dhanalakshmi S; Archanaa M; Arun Kumar P; Sathish kumar S

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 34-37
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.058

EMI Tracking System is a mobile application which will be useful for the people who are buying and selling products in installment. The Equated Monthly Installments (EMI) based term financing has been found to be convenient by both the lending and borrowing communities, especially in the case of small ticket equipment financing. However, there remains considerable scope for clarity and understanding of the EMI mode of term financing. This system aims at digitalization of EMI payment. This is system provides a platform to connect both lenders and borrowers. They can register themselves in this platform and the lenders can note down all the payment details of their borrowers, They can also list the available products in their own login page. The lender can add as many borrowers they want and store their details. Borrowers can also register in this platform and they can verify their payments with their respective lender and they can set remainder for their future payments and they can also order products through in platform.

Digitalization of Palliative Care

Ashitha VK; Dhan vishnu S; Hariramakrrishnan R; Karthick M

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 38-40
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.059

Digitalization of Palliative Care is the way of digitalizing the system of palliative care through an web application. Palliative care is the system which provides medical care to the patients in their respective home or venue when they make an appointment to a doctor. This web application mainly focuses on three main treatments such as End of life care, Symptoms management and Emergency care. Initially the patient opens the web app in his browser and is allowed to select the services which is necessary to cure his disease. Then the patient chooses a particular doctor who is specialized in the treatment of the particular disease. After these steps the patient has to mention his mail id, venue and a preferrable timing for consulting with the particular doctor which he has already selected. After completion of all the above steps a confirmation mail is sent to the patient and the doctor instantly and then the consulting takes place in the selected date and timings of the patient in his mentioned venue. In case when the doctor declines the consultation date or the timing of the patient then a refusal mail is sent to the patient. This process handles the patient requiring intensive care and end of life care effectively. The probability of handling symptoms management and curing the disease is very high. The patients can also mention their queries and their feedback after consulting the doctor through this web application

Sign Language Recognition

Keerthana P; Nishanth M; Karpaga Vinayagam D; Alfred Daniel J; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 41-44
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.060

The goal of this project is to provide a Human Computer Interaction system to resolve the problem faced by the deaf and dumb people. Since the algorithm is not designed on the base of background hand gestures, it is immune to changes in the background image. It can process a variety of hand types, identify a number of fingers, and perform tasks as needed. The key objectives were met, as stated in this paper. Real-time gesture recognition is possible with this programme. There are certain obstacles that must be addressed in the future. For human-computer interaction, hand gesture recognition is critical. The hand region is extracted from the context in our system using background subtraction. The palm and fingers are then segmented so that the fingers can be detected and recognised. Finally, a rule classifier is used to predict hand gesture labels. Experiments on a 1300 image data set show that our method works well and is very effective. Furthermore, on another data collection of hand movements, our approach outperforms a method called state of the art. Gesture recognition is one of the essential techniques to build user-friendly interfaces.

Deep Learning Approach For Intelligent Intrusion Detection System

Maneesha M; Savitha V; Jeevika S; Nithiskumar G; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 45-48
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.061

This paper focuses on preventing cyber attacks, which are common on any device connected to the internet. In order to create an intrusion detection system (IDS) that can recognise and differentiate cyber-attacks at the network and host levels in a timely and automated manner, machine learning techniques are widely used. A deep neural network (DNN) is a form of deep learning model being researched for use in developing a scalable and efficient intrusion detection system (IDS) capable of detecting and classifying unexpected and unpredictable cyber-attacks.Since network behaviour is constantly changing and attacks are evolving at a rapid pace, it is critical to analyse various datasets that have been produced over time using both static and dynamic approaches. This type of research helps in the discovery of the most effective detection algorithm.

E-RTO Management System

Abinash M; Gokilavani V; Jana Priya S; Shobana M; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 49-52
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.062

RTO office the executives framework project is ready for RTO office to keep up all records like vehicle enlistments, LMV, HMV, learning permit and driving permit, changing of address, reestablishment structure, charge challans and getting instalments against challan and substantially more. These are the primary exercises of RTO office. This instrument has been intended to encourage the progression of data inside the association. In the Previous System It isn't proficient in performing office work in RTO administrations, It incorporates a lot of manual cycle and tedious, It isn't easy to use, Maintains nearby information base. The current framework isn't giving exact outcomes while doing exchanges. It doesn't give security, anybody go into the framework and can do their own exchanges. It isn't adaptable in producing reports and numerous manual cycles are made modernized. To beat issues in the current System another RTO administrations "RTO OFFICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM" is proposed after investigation of framework. The goals of proposed framework are: Ensure information trustworthiness and security, less labour, Generate precise reports, Accurate dealing with in various subtleties.

ATM Banking System

Arthi S; Dinesh R; Hemalatha P; Sivaranjani V; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 53-59
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.063

In financial framework, various branches are available and these are associated with the principle branch. Thus, a similar bank is situated at various areas for giving similar sort of banking administrations. Internet Banking is an electronic broadcast communications gadget that gives the clients of a monetary organization with admittance to monetary exchanges in a public space without the requirement for a human agent or bank employee The manual strategy for dealing with these banks from one area is troublesome, yet it very well may be effectively finished with an ATM programming application like this. With this ATM Banking System programming, different errands should be possible by a regular Bank Management Application, for example, adding client subtleties, seeing client money withdrawal/store subtleties, oversee banking accounts, creating pin, producing endless supply of money, and some more. The general financial strategy has gotten a lot simpler, agreeable and got also with ATM (Automated Teller Machine). ATM possesses saved clients energy for pulling out balance, checking late exchanges and checking bank balance from any area. With the proposed ATM Banking System, bank the executives is simpler with a more productive stage for overseeing client subtleties, dealing with their record and recording their exchange history. This venture can assist understudies with understanding the activities that are associated with planning ATM programming. The proposed framework is acceptable and it has a base highlights, however further improvements should be possible by adding new modules, highlights and sub-frameworks into this task.

Automatic Check Post and E-Toll Payment System

Soundharya B M; Yogeshwaran R; Tharanish Krishna A D; Vinitha V

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 57-62
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.064

The amount of traffic in recent years has gradually risen as a result of the rise in the number of cars. It causes traffic issues, and even in the toll gate system, traffic delays occur, time and fuel absorption is elongated. The automatic toll accumulation system is actually reasonably effective compared to other schemes. This paper has to do with Automatic Check Post, E-Toll Payment System, vehicle theft detection, and intimation to the nearby police station using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Global System for Mobile Communication Module (GSM). The detection is accompanied by a passive Radio Frequency guide. This project is connected with car specifics such as a specific ID stored in the FASTag that is attached to the vehicle. After all, the parameters are essentially implemented by a computer and can be stored in the data bank for a cyclical gap as for timestamp. Specific users have a special ID for their cars. When the car enters the Toll-Plaza, readers read the tag and the tax payment will be deducted from their balance of accounts by using the RFID and GSM modules. In the event of any car being stolen, an authorised customer and a network of RFID scanners located in separate checkpoints, traffic signals, or toll plazas in the city can log in to the server. ATmega328 The Arduino controller must be wired to the GSM network, which allows the user to monitor the device by sending SMS or creating a call and often stops it.

Smart Farming Using IoT

Sangeetha K; Narmada C; Karishma R; Karishma R; Kishore Karthi V

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 63-67
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.065

In advancement with the rapid emergence of IoT-based technologies Smart farming industry created revolutionary changes with existing farming methods. However, the quality of farming methods and framing products were decreased. So our “Smart farming using IoT” system hardware integrated with a software application that provides suggestions to farmers when the hardware system analyses the soil. After analyzing the characteristics and quality of the soil with the hardware system consisting of various sensors like DHT11 sensor and Soil moisture sensor, it provides the analyzed data to the application via the Internet. Then this application compares the data in the database and provides user suggestions and also remotely monitor and control equipment like drip irrigation system and electric fencing, etc. The database system analyses the data provided by the hardware as input and gives the user suggestions like, which crop is best suited for this soil, its organic farming methods and irrigation methods, etc. After that, it can also predict any animal intrusion by using a PIR sensor. This application mainly uses data analytics and database management techniques to derive suitable crops and their cultivation methods from the data sets that were collected from the research centers and organic farmers. And also helps to monitor and control farmland using IoT.

Industrial Machine Identification Using Augmented Reality

Kavya Shakthi R.P; Kavin Raja A.S; Janani S.R; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 68-71
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.066

Augmented Reality is an interactive experience of a real world environment. It has been used in the following fields Medical, Education, Mechanical Industries, Food Industries, Real Estate and so on. Since October 2020 the industrial growth is nearly about 26.18%, thereby it is seen that there is a gradual development for the manufacturing models. In current scenario, the freshers of mechanical industries are knowing the working of machineries by the user guide or trainers. As a fresher to the industry, they might have communication struggles to ask for the working of the machine with supervisors or experts. The normal learning process from the user guide by the freshers may take a long period of time and also for training the freshers by the experts may cost high. To overcome the issue, we propose an augmented reality application which can help the freshers to identify the industrial machines and also know the working of machine in three dimensional views. Our application is a interactive platform which will be handy for the freshers and it could be helpful for better understanding of a machine in short period of time in low cost.

Crime Records Management System

Narmada C; Sangeetha K; Mr. Apiekshav; Deepak K; Gokul Krishnanu

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 72-74
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.067

The proposed framework applies to all Police stations the nation over and explicitly investigates the subject of Crime Records Management. It is surely known that Crime Prevention, Detection and Conviction of crooks rely upon a profoundly responsive spine of Information Management. The proficiency of the police work and the adequacy with which it handles wrongdoing rely upon what nature of data it can get from its current records and how quick it can approach it. It is proposed to incorporate Information Management in Crime for the reasons for quick and productive sharing of basic data across all Police Stations across the region. At first, the framework will be executed across Cities and Towns and later on, be interlinked with the goal that a Police criminal investigator can get to data across all records in the state accordingly helping quick and effective finish to cases. The System would likewise be utilized to produce data for favorable to dynamic and preventive measures for battling wrongdoing. The venture has been intended to have the perspective on disseminated engineering, with concentrated capacity of the data set. The application for the capacity of the information has been arranged. Utilizing the develops of SQL worker and all the UIs have been planned utilizing the DOT Net technologies. The norms of security and information defensive component have been given a major decision for legitimate use. The application deals with various modules and their related reports, which are created according to the relevant methodologies and norms that are put sent by the regulatory staff.

A Mobile Application for supporting Small and Medium-scale Enterprises (SME)

Karthick G; Karthikeyini K; Prince R; Monisha R; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 75-77
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.068

Nowadays for any services like Textile companies (tailors, cutting master), construction workers, decoration, vehicle cleaners, and dress stitching workers, Customers who wish to use these facilities will do so through a personal meeting or a phone call. In an emergency, it is difficult for a customer to locate any service at any time or place. As a result of this initiative, consumers will be able to use an Android app to find solutions to problems relating to tailors, cutting master construction workers, decoration, car cleaners, and dress.So, thinking about that aspect of life, designing and developing a framework that delivers several services at your doorstep in just one click is a good idea. This application has many benefits in today's society because it makes people's everyday lives more convenient. Safety, online payment, map navigation, and advertising will all be available as part of this project.

OCR for Medical Data Processing

Mathumitha IM; Vinodhini B; Jayaprakash S; Malini Devi R; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 78-81
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.069

The mechanism which implement in this device is to help visual impairment people and also to modify the hardcopy hospital data into softcopy. The modified softcopy file will be stored as a backup in the drop box. In this project, a device which developed by a web is converts an image text to speech. The basic structure of the system is to capture an image, extract only the interest region (i.e. The image region which has text) and converts that text speech. The device is implemented with the help of system and a web camera. It locates the parts of images which contains the text and eliminate the background by various image pre-processing from the captured image. Two tools are required to convert the captured image (which contains text only).

An Automatic Segmentation of Lung Structure Using Active Contour Model and Fuzzy Clustering Algorithm

Jalal deen K; Ramesh Kumar R; Vadivel M; Annal Sheeba Rani E

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 82-85
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.070

The aim of this paper was to develop an active contour model based on a region and a Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) technique for lung nodule segmentation. In the end, the mortality rate is increased by detection and assisted diagnosis of nodules at an earlier stage. Computed tomography (CT) is the most sought after among many imaging modalities because of its image sensitivity, high resolution and isotropic acquisition. The suggested technique focuses on CT image acquisition, lung parenchyma reconstruction and segmentation of lung nodules. Using selective binary and Gaussian filtering with a new signed pressure force function (SBGF-new SPF) and clustering methods for nodule segmentation, parenchyma reconstruction can be used. The benefits of the proposed approach in terms of reduced error rate and improved measure of similarity are demonstrated by comparative experiments.
CT, FCM, SPF, SBGF, SVM, ANN 

Strength Comparison of Bamboo and Steel Reinforcement in Mud Concrete

MOHAMMED SAFIUDDIN; Mohammed Ahmed Hussain

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 86-91
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.071

The authors have designed mud concrete, by replacing cement with Over the past decade the price of construction materials like cement, aggregates, steel etc. have increased many folds, making it difficult for rural people to afford the cost of construction. The biggest problem of reinforced cement concrete (RCC) structures is corrosion of steel, as well as carbon footprint.  Locally available Red soil, Fly Ash and achieved an approximate strength 20 MPa meeting the requirements of IS 456:2000 as the minimum grade suggested for RCC structures. This research paper discusses the viability of using bamboo bars as an alternative to steel reinforcement bars in mud concrete.  In this research five mix design variations are designed as per IS 10262-2009, control mix (M20), 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% of partially replaced cement. Each variation comprised of locally available Red Soil (mud), and Fly ash in 2:1 ratio and lime as fixed 5%. Bamboo and steel bars of diameter 12 mm are used. Beam (Prism) of size 500 mm x 100 mm x 100 mm were casted with bamboo and steel reinforcement bars in single and double layers.  These were cured and tested in flexure at 7 and 28 days as per IS 516-2002.The results between the beams of all variations are compared. It is found that the beam with doubly reinforced bamboo bars of 50% cement replacement gave similar results to M20 doubly reinforced steel bars with the added advantage of elimination  of corrosion, decrease in self weight and non brittle breakage.

Teacher’s Attitude towards Information Technology In Relation To Their Gender, Locality and Type of School

Priya Sehjal

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 92-95
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.072

The purpose of conducting this study was to find out the teacher’s attitude towards Information Technology (IT) in relation to their Gender, Locality and Type of School. A sample of 100 secondary school teachers working in government and private schools of district Jalandhar was selected through Stratified Random Sampling technique. Attitude Scale towards Information Technology for Teachers (ASTITT-NI) by Nasrin and Islahi (2012) was used for data collection. Mean, SD and t-test were used to compare the attitude towards information technology of male and female, rural and urban, government and private secondary school teachers. The findings of the study revealed that i) there is no significant difference in the attitude of male and female secondary school teachers towards Information Technology ii) Significant difference was found in the attitude of secondary school teachers from rural and urban areas towards information technology. iii) Significant difference was found in the attitude of private and government secondary school teachers towards Information Technology. Private school teachers were found to possess higher level of favourable attitude towards Information technology as compared to government senior secondary school teachers.

Computer Aided Detection of Nodule from Computed Tomography Images of Lung

Vinod C; Menaka D

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 96-100
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.073

Lung diseases must be identified and treated in its early stages, otherwise it will lead to a serious irreversible condition. Interstitial Lung Diseases, presence of lung nodules etc. are most common but very difficult in identifying in its preliminary stages. Identification of the diseases at an earlier stage helps a lot in fast recovery of the patient. Early stage detection can be achieved by combining various detection methods to find the presence of abnormality. Advantage is that anyone in the many existing imaging systems, identifies the occurrence of   the abnormality in its earlier stage. So by using different imaging schemes it is possible to identify the disease. This can be tested with available data bases and existing results. The accuracy of the same can be evaluated to a certain extent. Here the paper tries to compare existing systems that are popular for the same and introduce a combinational system that may lead to an exponential growth in the applications of medical imaging techniques. The early detection and diagnosis of lung nodules can be done with the help of medical imaging systems.

Evaluation of Bufferless Network-On-Chip with Parallel Port Allocator

Cecil C Nachiar; Sumathi S

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 101-107
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.074

Multicore network-on-chip when scales upto hundred of nodes, energy consumption, design complexity and cost  increases multifold  owing to structure of interconnect. Many researches are being conducted to design novel architecture to build efficient networks-on-chips. Our paper proposes efficient bufferless design with deflection containment technique to eliminate buffers and latency. The high cost of buffers motivate us to go for bufferless design, however with increasing network loads, it become notorious with multiple deflection  and flit loss between nodes. To overcome this, we have designed a bufferless architecture with local bypass ring within nodes to reduce deflection and packet loss. Deflection Containment with the use  of local bypass ring shortens critical path and improves performance. Architecture of our designed bufferless NoC is analysed and RTL implementation of its components is done with Xillinx ISE design suite and its working is analysed in Modelsim SE. Our evaluation proves that bufferless routing with deflection containment technique reduces power dissipation without compromising on its performance. 

Gas Leakage Monitoring System Using IOT

Jijusasikumar S; Kaviya K; Logida R; Chinmaya S; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 108-111
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.075

Gas leakages result in serious problems in households and other areas where household gas is used. We are using many household appliances frequently but we are not servicing all of it, we are servicing only our luxurious and costly items in regular intervals, we are not taking care of essential appliances. Gas stove is one of it, using for a long period of time in kitchen the spills of oils and water fall over the cylinder tube, they become rust and cause hole in it through which gas gets leak and can cause a fire accident. The aim of this paper is to monitor and detect the gas leakage. The sensor is fixed in the cylinder used to detect gas leakage. During working in the kitchen if the gas leakage is sensed the lcd monitor displays a alert message and gives an alarm alert. If the gas leakage is found during the absence of peoples in home, sensor sense the leakage and sends the alert message to the user mobile through an application. The status of gas leakage is fed into the controller, using wi-fi connection the wi-fi module sends the alert message to the cloud and it is redirected to the application over the internet.

Advanced Face Mask Detection System

Kalki N; Karthick M; Mr Kavin; Keerthana S; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 112-115
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.076

Pandemic COVID-19 novelly induced corona viruses that are continually spreading all over the world. In most areas of COVID-19 affect creation fallen. There is a crisis in the health sector. There have been several precautionary steps brought to minimize the propagation of this disease, with a mask. We are proposing a system that reduces COVID-19 development, identifying individuals who don't use a facial mask in a smart city system that monitors all public places with CCTV cameras. The appropriate authority is alerted by the city network whilst an individual is identified without a mask. Architecture for a data set that includes images of individuals with and without masks from various sources can train machine learning. A qualified architecture has achieved precision in identifying individuals from previously unknown testing data with and without a face mask

Students Overall Performance Application

Akash I; Ashok R; Harshini R; Prabakar D; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 116-119
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.077

n the most recent decade the legitimate understudy execution checking frameworks have drawn dependent on understudies execution assessment at instructive foundation is an unquestionable requirement pride minutes for guardians. The superb objective was to build up a dependable understudy execution observing framework, with the goal that the guardians can screen their child/little girl has present in school or not. The undertaking entitled Android application for understudy keep an eye on is created utilizing android. The fundamental goal of this undertaking is to follow the understudy data, for example, understudy instructive subtleties, participation and occasion subtleties and so on Our fundamental point is to supplant notice sheets or posting letters. Everything should be in one spot. So there is no compelling reason to head off to college for enquiring understudy execution. Guardians need to simply pick their android gadget, Install the understudy keep an eye on application and get every one of the notification from the school. There is degree for future advancement of this venture. The universe of PC fields isn't static; it is consistently liable to be dynamic. The innovation which is well known today gets obsolete the following day. To keep conceptual of specialized upgrades, the framework might be additionally refined. Thus, it isn't closed. However it will improve with additional upgrades.

Driver Alert System Using Deep Learning and Machine Learning

Krithika G K; Karthik S; Kowsalya R; Alfred Daniel J; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 120-123
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.078

The rising number of road injuries is one of the most pressing challenges facing the world today. One of the main causes of traffic accidents were unsafe and inattentive driving. Drowsiness or a loss of focus on the part of the driver is believed to be a significant factor in such incidents. Driver drowsiness tracking research can assist in the reduction of road accidents.This journal presents a good approach for applying a driver's sleepiness alarm system  that uses Machine Learning and Deep Learning techniques to identify and track the driver's yawning and sleepiness. For face detection and recognition, the device utilises the Histogram Centred Gradient (HOG) function descriptor, which is widely used in image processing. The SVM is then used to determine if the image being identified is a face or not. It also checks the driver's Eye Aspect Ratio (EAR) and Mouth Aspect Ratio (MAR) up to a certain countable frames to see whether he or she is sleepy or yawning. Since the driver's drowsiness or fatigue is proportional to the number of hours spent behind the wheel, an extra element for changing theface and mouth reference frames have been added. This increases the sensitivity to detect drowsiness. This also necessitates the introduction of face recognition so that each driver can be tracked individually.This Project aims to provide a Driver Alert System consisting of three sections Face Recognition to unlock vehicle, traffic light detection and Drowsiness alert system.

Smart Health Prediction Using Machine Learning

Naveenkumar S; Kirubhakaran R; Jeeva G; Shobana M; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 124-128
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.079

The "Smart Health Prediction Using Machine Learning" system, based on predictive modelling, predicts the disease of patients/users on the basis of the symptoms that the user provides symptoms as an input to the system. The application has three login options: user/patient login, doctor login, and admin login.The device analyses the symptoms given by the user/patient as input and provides the likelihood of the disease as output based on the prediction using the algorithm. Smart health predictions are made by the implementation of the Naïve Bayes Classifier. The Naïve Bayes Classifier measures the disease percentage probability by considering all its features that is trained during the training phase.Exact interpretation of disease data benefits early patient/user disease prediction and provides clear vision about the disease to the user. After a prediction, the user/patient can consult a specialist doctor using a chat consulting window. It uses machine learning algorithms and database management techniques to extract new patterns from historical data. The Forecast Accuracy can improve with the use of a machine learning algorithm and the user/patient will get fast and easy access to the application.

Struggle of Agriculturists due to Modern Technology

Sandhya Naveen

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 129-134
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.080

Farmers are the backbones of our nation. Their field work will reduce the peoples hunger and keeps the land fertile with green environment. At present, most of the traditional techniques of agriculture are replaced by the technologies. Modernization and modification of technology is helped a lot to the people to a maximum extent. Technology has brought up to consume the time and complete the work with less number of workers. Influence of technologies became a big metal ball to the agriculturist having less cultivation land and the small scale agriculturists of rural area. The technology made poor farmers to struggle for the workers. Information technology is speed enough to reach the information to almost all the farmers. As the technology sounded more, the people who were working in fields started turning towards the technology having family as they will get less work. So, poor farmers couldn’t fulfil the demands of the workers in different ways. Some of the poor formers gave up the agriculture because of lack of workers. In fact small scales agriculturists are far from the utilization of technology list and their presence are disappeared. Author winded up the study with the highlighting the major problems faced by the small scale agriculturists in rural area. Some possible suggestions are mentioned to overcome from these difficulties to live stress less peaceful life.

Implementation of Smart Helmet for Bikers

Neelam Yadav; Sunil K. Singh

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 135-139
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.081

In this research work, the major concern is Safety and Security. Road accident cases due to drinking and driving are increasing day by day and even with the advent of technology, people are losing lives. To address this issue, A Smart Helmet is implemented which focus on multiple safety and security issues. Our research work aims for Smart Helmet comprises of several features like Alcohol Detection, GPS Tracking, Helmet Wear – Removal Detection, Directional signal light indication and Bike ignition control.

Spectral and timing analysis of the Neutron star in GX 5-1 by its lower kilohertz Quasi-Periodic oscillations

Mamataben Soni; Umangkumar Pandya; Jaaffrey S.N.A.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 140-144
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.082

We analyse z source ‘GX 5-1’ observations for the lower kilohertz QPO of GX 5-1 for 2002 by the instrument of PCA (1.5-12keV) on board RXTE. We report the high QPO to low QPO for frequency ( 20HZ) analysis for QPO horizontal branch oscillations model and relate it to observations of source GX 5-1. During the  7 years data RXTE detected many x-ray intensity variations but in our analysis, we select data for 15/07/2002 the highest x-ray intensity to lowest x-ray intensity in 2002 of GX 5-1. Our analysis is about QPO, frequency, time period of high peak to low peak for 70018-02-03-00 observation id

A Trust Calculation Algorithm for Communicating Nodes in Wireless Sensor Networks

Mr. Jeelani; Kishan Pal Singh; Aasim Zafar

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 145-152
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.083

In various areas of the communication system, work based on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is being used these days. It is observed that trust-based model for WSN as a controlled secure, confidential and robustness with a consistent communication troubleshoots a lot of problems in delivering. This makes a node in WSN, that is, ready to deal with and act on attacks caused by additional nodes in different communication networks.  This is a highly challenging task due to the lack of a trust resource and the dynamics that this network institute brings.  In this paper, we propose Trust Calculation Algorithm for communicating nodes in WSN. Trust calculation algorithm provide the trust-based routing table for every node. It serves as an important role in the communication process for nodes from clusters, nodes from nodes and clusters from clusters in WSN.

Home Appliances Service Management

Mothilaal K A; Mohan Raj M; Mahesh Kumar; Poonkodi P; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 153-157
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.084

In the present scenario, people are buried up in a heavy work culture that they forget about the maintenance of their house. The leakage in pipe or fixing furniture, no one really has time to fix it on their own. Finding a plumber or carpenter nearby has also become a hectic task as they are not ready to come home for a small work. This is where our system will come to aid. We provide a one stop system that provides many services like plumbing, electronicsrepair, gas stove repairing, RO servicing andelectrical services, home cleaning, carpentryservices, machine services, home painting, tutors packers and movers, home design and construction,party and event, health and wellnessatyour doorstep in just one click. Not just that we also give you access to no of repair persons, cleaners, electricians, painters to whenever something needs to be fixed at home . You can choose the particularity of service required by uploading the image of desired specification on your mobile and you will immediately receive a confirmation email with timing. We provide services as part time and full time job,the servicer can choose according to their convenience. Our system is versatile as service can be booked from everywhere to anywhere you desire.

Academic Achievement and Creativity among 10th Class Students

Sarbjot kaur

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 158-161
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.085

There is a creativity initiative report aimed to discuss creativity in education and rationale about creativity in schools. Concepts of creativity are important to educators and parent understanding. As creativity opens up imaginations and possibilities. Creativity in day to day practice has a greater influence on new opportunities among teachers and students. Creativity create new pathway for teachers top inculcate enhance ability’s to impart teaching to students.

The importance of English Literature in the restoration of Culture

Madhumidha V.; Harshini P.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 162-166
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.086

Literature represents the culture and is a medium of art. English literature analysis helps people to create new world concepts and ideas. It's looking to assist people to be educated. It includes understanding the relevance of community and how people function in the boundaries of community's framework. The ability to recognize why work supports the person and how that affects the person's culture needs to be given further attention. It may generate contradictory emotions and an overall "divine" sense of well-being. For the learning of thematic and creative interactions and literary conventions, literacy is also essential. A study of Literature is rewarding, accessible, and helps create valuable communities.

Voice Controlled Notice Board through IOT

Priyadharshini G; Sivaranjani V; Karthick Kishore S; Madhu Prasath M; Sangeetha K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 167-171
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.087

The Voice Controlled Notice Board is a computer controlled machine. This automated system can reduce the manual work. The construction of a simple and low-cost Voice Controlled Notice Board is addressed in this framework. The aim of this device is to create an automatic display board that is controlled by the Internet. This electronic machine is made up of both software and hardware components. The key goal of this device is to provide a remote notice board that faculty can use to post the most recent notices and announcements. The other goal is to improve contact speed while still saving time and money. It may also be used to increase the re - usability of existing designs and reduce the amount of space available, lowering costs.Wi-Fi-based cellular serial data networking is used in the proposed system. For Wi-Fi connectivity between an Android-based personal digital assistant and a remote wireless display screen, Android-based device applications are used. In this design, messages are sent through an Internet from an authorized transmitter and then message is transmitted to the Node MCU and the message is read and sent to digital display board.

Reading as a hobby: An Inventive approach for bringing in pleasure for reading

Dharinee Arvind; Harshini P.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 172-175
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.088

This article aims to up-bringing of reading manner, not only to develop reading skill but also to indicate the importance that reading is also meant for joy and pleasure.  Not all the books are meant for academic and research purpose. It also shows that there are some people who read for joy alone. Reading skills is the way to develop individual’s reading routine. Some ardent readers make it a routine for bringing of joy in them. It is also one’s own duty to make reading as a hobby.  We find that there is some inventive way to make it as a hobby in individual’s personal life. Usage of some remedy and technique can fetch a path to make it as a regular routine.

Association of BHMT (rs 3733890) gene polymorphism with biochemical markers of B12 deficiency in T2DM patients on metformin therapy

Ananda Vayaravel Cassinadane; Ramesh Ramasamy

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 176-186
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.089

Long term administration of metformin interferes with the absorption of vitamin B12 resulting in vitamin B12 deficiency.Among the various genetic variants that are associated vitamin B12 deficiency, we analyzed BHMT gene polymorphism and their association with metformin induced vitamin B12 deficiency in T2DM patients.A cross sectional study was done with 300 participants. Methyl malonic acid, homocysteine and high sensitive C reactive protein were analysed by Mass Spectrometry, Chemiluminescent analyser and Immunoturbidimetric method respectively. Genetic variants were analysed by ARMS-PCR method, Data was analyzed with various statistical tools like ROC, Odds ratio and Likelihood ratio. Significant reduction in folic acid and vitamin B12 in metformin users was found. High sensitive C reactive protein, homocysteine and methyl malonic acid are significantly increased in patients with metformin induced B12 deficiency. ‘A’ allele in BHMT (A allele OR =2.1, AA genotype =2.8) showed risk of vitamin B12 deficiency in T2DM patients on metformin therapy. BHMT gene polymorphism had LR of 2.65 for folic acid (AG genotype), 2.73 for MMA (AA genotype) and 2.63 for Homocysteine (AA genotype).We found an association between single nucleotide polymorphism of BHMT and diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency status in metformin users. Folic acid, MMA and homocysteine had high specificity in concordance with BHMT (rs3733890) polymorphism in predicting vitamin B12 deficiency. Early screening of SNP of BHMT in T2DM patients on metformin therapy will help us to identify group of people who are prone for vitamin B12 deficiency.

A 128- Bit of Md5 Algorithm with 16 Stages of P&Eline Using Unfolding Design

Ambika N; Menaka Devi T.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 187-194
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.090

We defined the hash algorithm as a security object during data transmission. The hash features are 4 more types 1. Message digest (MDS) 2. RIPMED (Race Integrated primitivity of Message Digest) 3. SHA (Secured Hash Function i) 4. WHIRLFOOL. From this group of hashes, Message Digest 5 is mostly using in embeddedsecuritysystems. To obtain high frequency and throughput in regions of Area, frequency and throughput by the unfolding transformation technique factor of 2. To get better outcomes to overcome the dis-advantages of existing method, the proposed design is reduced the data fetching stages from 32 to 16 stages. However, the overall process is speedy than the existing algorithm.

Performance Improvement of Subsonic aircraft wing by Dimple Effect

Sivaraman S; Ganesh M; Saravanan R; Saravana kumar

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICARD-2021 3S, Pages 195-199
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.091

Improving lift and drag ratio is the most important parameter that helps to improving the aerodynamic efficiency of the wing Vortex generators are used to delay flow separators for higher angle of attacks. Simple on surface of body tend provide vortex to delay flow separators and make boundary layer attached with the surface. NACA 0018 symmetrical aerofoil is considered for analysis of dimple in various position on the wing like leading edge, middle of the wing and end of the wing to predict optimum position. In that dimple in middle of the wing shows good improvement in delaying the flow separation this improves the lift to drag ratio compared to other position of the wing.