Special Issue ICAET 11S

Biosynthesis of Manganese oxide nanoparticle using Murraya Koenigii

Jeeva Rani Thangam G.; Jebaraj Devadasan J.; Jessie Jancy Rani S.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 1-7
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.225

The rise of nanotechnology has brought to the world a new potential and the use of different nanomaterials has revolutionized both the industrial and biomedical worlds with the broader perspective of what humanity can achieve through material manipulation at the nanoscale.  Nanoscale particles possess distinct characteristics which  advances in exploring and exploiting the uses of nanostructured materials.   Due to the high surface to volume ratio and high reactivity there is a great potential for metal and metaloxide nanostructures. Synthesis of nanoparticles by physical and chemical methods are costly and toxic to the environment. Use of biosynthesis provides advancement over physical and chemical methods and may lead to the development of clean, non-toxic and environmental acceptable procedures which involves organisms ranging from bacteria to fungi and also plants.  Green synthesis of metal nanoparticles is an expanding area of research  and in the current study, Murraya koenigii i.e., Curry leaf powder was used for the green method  by which  manganese oxide nanoparticle synthesis was developed. Murraya Koenigii which belongs to Rutaceae family has  found to be potent antioxidant due to high concentrations of carbazoles, a water soluble heterocyclic compound  and also responsible for the reduction  of metal ions.   The present study focus on the development manganese oxide nanoparticles from the leaf extract of murraya koenigii where potassium permanganate act as  precursor. Crystal phase identification of manganese oxide  nanoparticles was studied by X-ray diffraction analysis and  optical characterisation was carried out using Uv-Vis spectrophotometer.

Worldwide energy consumption of hyperscale data centers: A Survey

Aasheesh Raizada; Kishan Pal Singh; Mohammad Sajid

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 8-15
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.226

At present, in the whole world from developed countries to third-world, digitization has taken place in society and economy with great intensity and also being adapted by a common person as his/her normal daily routine. Due to this huge amount of data is being processed and stored in data centers. Based on earlier studies, it has been observed that, Due to the overload of data & traffic, data centers are consuming more energy than any other setup. Energy consumption of hyperscale & mid level data centers increasing continuously from the very beginning of their setup. As the demand of energy is growing, so the need of production and expense on energy is also growing in energy demand in future (at-least one decade). In this paper one of the topics specially related to the improvement of energy efficiency through IT software has been taken. And a method has to be established whereby all the data centers with different geographical locations can have fewer loads on power sources and they can take advantage of low cost energy and hence will be able to operate even less.

International Marketing in the Modern Era

Ahmad A . I . Shajrawi; Nawab Ali Khan

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 16-19
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.227

This paper aimed to explain and define the term of International Marketing and How the firms can have an access to new markets in the world. Also, it focuses on how the marketers create a new strategy to gain new customers at both the local and global levels, and to promote their new products and services. International Marketing is characterized as less costing and using technology( i.e. the social media apps and the internet websites)in promoting the products and services. Several international companies including Amazon company have been ubiquitous all over the world through its website. In 2017, its profit went all the way up to $3.03 billion, which means it has penetrated the global markets and achieved its objectives.

Physiological Analysis of Dairy Effluent

Pooja Dahiya; Roopsi Kaushik; Anil Sindhu

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 20-29
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.228

The paper is a review based of the study done on the  dairy effluents in Rohtak Dairy “Vita Milk Plant”. It talks about the industrialization  that serves as the backone of the country, The effluent treatment plant is used for the reduction or control of pollutants. This process is operable under the 4 treatment levels which are stated as Preliminary, Primary, Secondary, Tertiary/ Advanced treatment of the wastewater which contains various steps for their completion. In the introduction part the presentation of work is given which remarks about the dairy industry and the effluent production. In the literature review portion, a review of the work performed by earlier researchers on dairy waste and characteristics of dairy waste is included. The materials and methods portion constitutes the materials required for the analysis. The methodology used for the analysis of different characteristics of dairy waste is also covered up with conclusion and references

Water, Power and Gas Saving System Using With Microcontroller

Perumal S.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 30-35
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.229

Managing water consumption is vital for life preservation. Knowing water and power consumption at homes can have a great impact water saving. This project presents an innovative home security control system, based on controlling door with power and water resource while increasing the added values for security applications. When we in front of the door the IR sensor sense the position and lock the door using key, automatically signal send to the microcontroller. It acts as a brain of the system. After receiving signal switch ON the relay circuit, OFF the power supply, shut off water line using solenoid valve. This would make the security process more efficient and convenient for house owners.

K-Means Clustering on the Performance Evaluation of Faculty using Data Mining Techniques

Preeti Jain; Umesh kumar Pandey

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 36-41
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.230

The motivation behind this paper is to give an outline of broadly utilized measurements, to examine the qualities, advantages and disadvantages of different measurements, to portray current instructive information mining rehearses, and to give rules to assessing execution models of staff. has been discovered to be reliant on various boundaries extensively going from the person's capabilities, experience, level of commitment, research exercises attempted to institutional help, monetary achievability, top administration's help and so on The models that are basic for assessing the yield of workforce range across various verticals, however the paper locations and covers the introduction of staff dependent on contribution from understudies. The other personnel introduction assessor is the regulatory element that might be a private body or an administration unit, the affiliation or the college's self-and friend resources. The boundaries fill in as standard markers for an individual and a gathering and may influence the end later on. The standard proposed in this paper is to utilize Data Mining strategies to lead pulling out and investigation of workforce results. The fundamental idea driving the utilization of Data Drawing is to group the yield of workforce on various measures subject to novel requirements and furthermore to separate the conditions between the boundaries that will assist with finding important relations between them. Basically, these binds help to arrange new dynamic patterns. The paper limits contribution from the Department of Computer Applications through qualified foundations to understudies. The examination depends on numerous highlights, and as opposed to following the ordinary methodology, the paper legitimizes the utilization of mining approaches. K-implies is a sort of non-various leveled (gathered) information grouping that endeavors’, contingent upon the methods (mm) that have been pre-masterminded, to segment information into at least two classes. The k-implies technique is utilized in numerous investigations since it is quick and fit for consolidating a lot of information with an exceptionally short computation. The k-implies calculation is the easiest and most often utilized bunching strategy. This is on the grounds that K-implies can possibly aggregate huge volumes of information with sensibly brisk and powerful preparing time.

Continuous improvement strategy- lifeblood of organizations

Suneel ramachandra joshi; Sharadhi joshi

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 42-47
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.231

Continuous improvement strategy results improved productivity, better quality, lesser breakdowns, reduced costs, motivating working conditions, reliable deliveries, improved safety and enhanced morale of the employees. Total Quality Management has advocated this strategy for the survival of any of the organizations in the market. The existing processes turn to be a bit more efficient and effective due to continuous improvements. These more efficient and effective processes take the processes and the products to higher levels of quality leading to the customer satisfaction resulting in company survival. An attempt has been made in this paper to present the concept through the literature survey and also different sophisticated continuous improvement techniques recommended  by several researchers and managers in the area of Continuous improvement are summarized here for all those who are interested in carrying research in this area, managers and others concerned with improvement. Certainly the research paper will be beneficial for them as it presents the overview of the strategy and the different application tools established by manufacturing organizations globally

Indian Vegetables boost Immunity and Truncate obesity: A Review

Keya Adak

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 48-52
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.232

Universally obesity and morbidly obese are amalgamated to more demises worldwide than gaunt. India, meticulous for malnourishment, is now a homeland of obese. Obesity in our country has extended epizootic proportions in the 21st century, with morbid obese affecting 5% of the country’s populace. India is ensuing an inclination of other progressive countries that are consistently becoming more obese. Carrying enormous weight increases risk of heart problem, diabetes, liver disorder, osteoarthritis and certain categories of cancer. If anyone is grappling with abdominous condition, a variety of low-calorie, high-fiber fruits and vegetables can constitute a healthy diet plan for weight loss.

Rough topological space using equivalence relation

Sri lakshmi sudha rani D.; Kavitha K.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 53-55
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.233

To generalise the basic rough set definitions, the topology induced by equivalence relations is used. The proposed topological structure opens the way for the implementation of a broad range of topological facts and techniques in the granular computing process, including the introduction of the definition of topological membership functions that incorporates the concept of rough and fuzzy sets. There is an overlap between rough set theory and several other theories dealing with incomplete knowledge

Hydrothermal Synthesis of Fe2O3 for the Humidity Sensing Application

Kavita P. Patil; Khadse V.R; Mahajan K. B; Waghulde R. B.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 56-60
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.234

Fe2O3 nanorods have been successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method using stainless steel Teflon autoclave. The solution of FeCl3 and Urea was transferred to Teflon-lined stainless-steel autoclave and then maintained the temperature 180oC for 24 hrs. As prepared Fe2O3 powder were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and the result shows the formation of Hematite phase of Fe2O3 after calcination at 400oC of 2h. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) was used to study the morphology of synthesized Fe2O3 powder and the result indicates that bunch of nanorods were formed with width 44 nm and length of 220 nm.  Also, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) techniques were used to characterize synthesized Fe2O3 nanorods. To study the humidity sensing performance of Fe2O3 nanorods, sensor was synthesized as interdigitated electrode coated with sensing material on top of the electrode. The present study investigated good humidity sensing performance of Fe2O3 nanorods at room temperature in humidity (RH) range of 11%-97% at DC condition.

Applications of Vedic mathematics in Algebra

Sarita Devi

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 61-63
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.235

Vedic mathematics is an interesting, speedy, simple logical & integral part of our ancient Indian culture using traditional mathematics, which finds its origin in our Vedas especially “Atharva Veda” and is mainly based on 16 principles called “Sutras” & 13 Sub-Sutras. Applied to almost every branch of mathematics. The interesting part in Vedic mathematics is, you can mostly check your calculation and know whether you are right or wrong in few seconds and that makes it more enjoyable. Here, discuss some applications of Vedic mathematics in one of its field i.e. Algebra and see how it saves a lot of time & efforts in solving the problems.

Braking System Approaching towards the Betterment and It’s Consequences

Ajeet B. Bhane; Sandeep M. Salodkar; Hardik B. Ramani

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICAET 11S, Pages 64-70
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.236

In order to meet safety standards,  several systems have been studied and developed. The brake systems are one of the most critical systems in the vehicle, other than having an air bag, good suspension systems, good handling and stable cornering. Passengers may be placed in a dangerous position without a braking mechanism in a car. It is therefore important that all vehicles have a proper braking system. Braking is a mechanism that transforms the vehicle's kinetic energy into mechanical energy. The disc brake is a system which is used to de-accelerate or stop wheel rotation. The wheel is attached to a brake disc or rotor, typically made of cast iron or a ceramic composite. By acting mechanically, hydraulically, pneumatically or electromagnetically on both sides of the disc, the friction material of  the brake pad mounted on a system called a brake calliper is forced to stop the wheels. For the investigation of how disc brake functions more effectively, it is important to understand action force and friction force on the disc brake with new material, which can help minimise heat generation and provide better tribological performance.