Special Issue ICSTM 12S


Diatoms of Dokewada Reservoir in Beed District of Maharashtra

Thumram M. L.; Talekar S. M.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 1-3
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.251

The present study, fresh water diatoms of Dokewada reservoir Beed was investigated between June 2016 to May 2017. The survey was carried out for the period of one year. 32 Species of Diatoms were identified from Dokewada reservoir. These species belong to 12 Genera namely; Cyclotell (2), Melosira (1), Fragilaria (3), Mastagloia(2), Gyrosigma (3), Navicula (3), Pinnularia (2), Cymbella (4), Gomphonema (2), Rhopolodia (2), Nitzschia (6), Surirella (2). This study revealed that the diversity of Diatoms varies seasonally which is higher in winter season and lower during the Past monsoon months. The Dominant genus was Nitzchia 6, Cymbella 4, Gyrosigma 3, Navicula 3, Fragilaria 3, Cyclotella 2, Mastagloia 2, Pinnularia 2, Gomphonema 2, Rhopolodia 2, Surirella 2, Melosira 1.

Comparing Customer Attitude towards Amazon and Flipkart in Patna

Priyanka Kumari

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 4-8
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.252

After the outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic there had been huge changes in the shopping behaviour of customers across world. From bulk buying to online shopping there is a major change in what, when and how people are buying. As people are avoiding going to public places, online shopping has become even more prominent now. This paves the way for the online shopping stores giving them competitive advantage over traditional shopping stores. Amazon and Flipkart, which are the two most leading online shopping stores have also been beneficially affected by this shift of customer purchasing behaviour. Both Amazon and Flipkart are seeing accelerated growth in online sales fuelled by first time buyers and sellers from small towns. In this study the overall customer attitude towards the two sites is measured and compared with the help of Fishbein Multi-Attribute Model. An analysis is done to determine the important attributes that matters more to the customers ,on which these online sites need to focus on and also the perception of customers on performance of  the two sites on those attributes is assessed.

Developing Jacquard Woven Saree With Kurumba Tribal Painting

Vijayalakshmi ravi; Sheela john R.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 9-14
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.253

India has a wide scope of materials regarding plan, procedures, colors utilized and strategies. Indian material history has been layered and advanced by subtleties of transitory weavers, unfamiliar attacks and strict impacts. The wide scope of plan and weave, explicit to the area of theirorigin,are magnum opuses upgraded by the aptitudes of the specific skilled workers and their custom. Material planning is tied in with making designs for fabric which can be utilized in different applications. Bhatnagar (2002) states that materials have been delivered in India since relic. The creation and advancement of Indian material has an ancient birthplace. Nonetheless, not many of the old plans actually exist. One explanation is that material has for some time been viewed exclusively as an article of utilization, instead of as a work of art and plans are lost through regular mileage. Everyone mourns about the perishing artistic expressions of the nation in which Kurumba painting is one.
Developing Jacquard Woven Saree With Kurumba Tribal Painting
 

Developing Standard Size Chart for Teenage Girls of 17-19 Years Using Anthropometry

Shubhangi Yadav; Bhawana Chanana

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 15-20
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.254

This paper highlights the lack of common or acceptable standards of size charts across categories in Indian fashion industry where each manufacturer follows own or foreign sizing systems. The author dwells on initiatives taken by Government of India as well as individuals that have embarked on this journey of creating India specific size charts which is ongoing process. The purpose of this paper is to develop a sizing chart for teenage (17 to 19 years) girls based on anthropometric body measurements, with the objective to ensure apt garment fitment. This pilot study captures anthropometric data of 25 teenage (17 to 19 years) girls consisting body weight, length and girth measurements, amounting to total 26 measurements. The author computes mean, mode and median values to understand the central tendency of sizing charts. Further the paper evaluates the correlations between each anthropometric measurement across all measurements to identify key correlations using coefficient correlation technique. Standard deviation is leveraged to derive size categories, intervals and separate the outliers. The author concludes and recommends a model for developing standard sizing charts to cover most of the population

Analysis of heavy metals in different vegetables in various areas of Indore city (Madhya Pradesh, India)

Sandhya Dixit

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 21-26
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.255

Soils contain various metals in style of inorganic compounds or they will stay secure with organic matter, clays or as oxides. The spreading of urban waste and waste sludge in agricultural fields has been a standard apply since decades. The focus was to work out analysis and compare the heavy metals concentration level in 2 elite vegetables (chilies and potatoes) at ten numerous vegetable study areas in Indore in Madhya Pradesh (India). Results of heavy metal determination in elite vegetables and the corresponding soil samples of pot experiments disclosed a transparent dependence on the concentrations of metals more to the pots. Correlation reflects that the uptake trend is close to same because of solutions were more in increasing metal concentrations. Percent uptake of various metals from soil to the plant components additionally show that the pots wherever p.c uptake was higher, were at risk of uptake of that metal and even a smaller increase in level of these metals in soil will cause abundant higher uptake. The physiochemical conditions of soil also are of nice concern for the uptake of heavy metals by the plants

A New Paradox in Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

Shivalingaswamy T.; Nagalakshmi A Rao; Kagali B. A.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 27-31
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.256

In this article, we discuss a paradoxical result that exists for positive energy Klein-Gordon particles. It may be called “Klein paradox” of another kind. We have shown its existence in one, two and three dimensions. The paradox seems to indicate the limitations of the single particle Klein-Gordon equation in the presence of strong potentials.

Small and Medium Enterprises and Cloud Technology–Challenges and Opportunities during COVID19

Vikas R Gangadhar; Ajim Shaikh

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 32-38
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.257

The cloud technology has proven its benefits during the lockdown situation. Small and Medium scale industries are severely impacted during pandemic due to multi fold reasons. This paper depicts the situation of SMEs who were prepared for digital journey using cloud technologies verses underprepared SMEs.  It covers the cloud basics and usefulness of cloud technology for Small and Medium scale industries. It also provides views for selecting right option to maximize the benefits for SMEs. Software as a Service (SaaS) offering has proved more beneficial for SMEs over Landscape as a Service (LaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS).  The key benefits of SaaS such as SMEs do not require hardware and software installations at their premises. The Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) extend support for installation and customization for their products. They takes care of maintenance and various upgrades necessary during product life cycle. These distinct advantages of cloud technology became more relevant during Pandemic situation for SMEs.The SMEs being vital part of our economy, the cloud service providers are coming up with various offerings to encourage them for cloud technology adoption. The Pandemic period is also assisted CSPs to improvise their services. The increased cyber-attacks strengthened the security mechanism while the surge in the network usages emphasized the need of optimization code for better user experience. The Covid-19 pandemic has opened up new opportunities for cloud technology in health care sector. The new normal has brought less social contacts and more usages of technology means for daily interaction. Cloud technology has become a part of business continuity planning and brought new perspective during COVID-19 pandemic. The cloud-based workforce collaboration tools and round the clock remote accessibility mitigate the major risks during natural disasters. It is time to adopt cloud technology by those SMEs who have not considered cloud adoption as an option in the first place.

Work from Home and applicability of the same on Education Sector: With Reference to Private Universities in Himachal Pradesh

Ms. Shivani

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 39-43
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.258

The Pandemic of COVID-19 has stopped the circle of life for time being but gradually the industry experts find a way in the form of work from home. This system of work from home is not exactly new i.e. IT and ITES sector is using this approach from a long time and in India as well the IT companies are using the same since 2010. Considering the education sector, work from home has sustained for a few months but the respective results are the concern of discussion, all over the industry. There are number of issues to be taken care of i.e. understanding of students, quality of content delivered, availability of required devices, learning environment, etc. The researcher has considered all these issues and tried to study the same in private universities of Himachal Pradesh. Present study is based on primary data and the respective sample is 200 students from said universities. ANOVA (One way) is used to test the hypothesis and SPSS 22.0 is considered as platform of analysis. The tentative results of the study state that online learning environment is quite different from physical class rooms, teachers are facing difficulties in assessing the online tools and platforms, assessment and quality is questionable in most of the cases.

Performance Analysis of Feature Selection Techniques for Text Classification

Hemlata Patel; Dhanraj Verma

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 44-50
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.259

Internet is a suitable, highly available and low cost publishing medium. Therefore a significant data is hosted and published using websites. In this domain some amount of data is directly present for common people and some of data is not publically distributed. Such kinds of data are utilizable by service providers and administrators for business intelligence and other similar applications. In this presented work the web data analysis or mining is the key area of investigation and experimental study. The web data mining can be dividing in three major classes i.e. web content mining, web structure mining and web usages mining. In this work the web content mining and web usages mining is taken into consideration. First of all the web content mining is explored thus a system is developed for making comparative performance study of different content feature selection techniques. In this experiment the GINI index, Information Gain, DFS and Odd Ratio is compared using a real world collection of web pages. In order to classify the extracted features from the web contents the SVM (Support Vector Machine) is applied. The comparative study demonstrates the IG and GI is the suitable feature selection techniques that work well with the SVM classifier.

FDI-Theories and Relation with FDI Restrictive Index

Anupam Sabharwal; Sukhdev Singh

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 51-55
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.260

Foreign direct investment plays a key role in developing nations' economic development. Enhancing foreign economic transactions has become more critical than trade. There are a variety of questions for multinational corporations (MNCs) to address if they plan to invest in other countries, such as why do they invest? How are investments made? Where can I spend it? And how big of an opportunity is that? However in the earlier theories of foreign direct investment, certain questions were dealt with. FDI theories were graded according to microeconomic and macroeconomic viewpoints. An attempt has been made in this paper to research key FDI theories and the relationship between the restrictive index of FDI and FDI is studied by the model of bivariate regression. In India, FDI inflows demonstrate a substantial relationship with the FDI restrictive index. It will have to become more liberal to draw more FDI governments.

Sentiment Analysis of Twitter Data

Sanjay Rai; Goyal S. B; Jugnesh Kumar

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 56-61
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.261

The World Wide Web has taken seriously new ways for individuals to convey their views and conclusions on different topics, models and issues. Clients create content that resides in a variety of media, such as web gathering, conversation gathering, and weblogs, and provide a solid and generous foundation for gaining momentum in different areas such as advertising and research. Policy, logic research, market forecasts and business outlook. Hypothesis research extracts inferences from information available online and orders the emotions that the author conveys for a particular item into up to three predefined categories (good, negative, and unbiased). Identify the problem. This article outlines a hypothesis review cycle for quickly ordering unstructured news on Twitter. In addition, we are exploring different ways to perform a detailed emotional survey on Twitter News. In addition, it presents a parametric correlation of strategies considered according to recognized boundaries. This work tends to make the case enjoy investigating on Twitter; The values communicated in them represent the tweets: positive, negative or fair. Twitter is an online thumbnail that contributes to a blog and a wide range of interactions, allowing customers to create short 140-character short instructions. It is a fast growing association with more than 200 million subscribers, of which 100 million are dynamic customers and half of them constantly sign up for Twitter, generating around 250 million tweets every day. Due to this overwhelming use, we plan to achieve a biased impression of the public by breaking the estimates communicated in the tweets. Researching public opinion is important for some applications, for example, when companies are looking to respond to their material, predict political careers, and anticipate economic wonders like stock trading. The function of this to build a useful classifier for the command in a precise and programmed way of the stream of fuzzy tweets.

Detection of Brain Tumor Using Unsupervised Enhanced K-Means, PCA and Supervised SVM Machine Learning Algorithms

Hari Prasada Raju Kunadharaju; Sandhya N.; Raghav Mehra

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 62-67
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.262

The brain tumor is an abnormal cell growth in the human body. To know which type of brain tumor it is and where is the exact location of it.  We are using the MR image is a  tomographic imaging technique. MRI is based on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance signals. A brain tumor is of two types 1.  Benignant 2.  malignant. Benignant belongs to I and II grade; this type of tumor is not active cells and have a low-grade tumor.  It has a uniform structure.  Malignant belongs to III and IV grades, this type of tumor are active cells and have a high grade.  It has a non-uniformity structure. The initial phase Input MR image is transformed into a  binary image by the  Otsu threshold technique.  The second step k-means segmentation process is used on binary images.  Third step Discrete Wavelet Transform is used on segmented image for extracting the image and it reduces the large dimensionality by using PCA. It identifies the tumor by using Support Vector Machine classification it gives the final output of a brain tumor that normal or abnormal. The proposed paper experimented on the detection of brain tumors using classification algorithms dataset about BraTS dataset and compared with existing methodologies, and it is then proved that superior to existed.

A Study of Self-Concept among Adolescents

Sona Thakur; Kuldip Kaur Grewal

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 68-72
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.263

In the present paper, an attempt was made to study self –concept among adolescents. A descriptive study was conducted to elaborate the relationship   between self-concept and socio –emotional school climate among adolescents. A sample consisting of 200 adolescents was taken from schools situated in Ludhiana district. Data was collected with the help of Self-concept list Rating   Scale by Deo (2008) and Socio –emotional School Climate Inventory by Sinha and Bhangane (1998) .Subsequently data was subjected to statistical analysis. Results clearly indicated a significant relationship between overall self-concept and socio-emotional school climate of adolescent students. No Significant difference was found between mean scores of self-concept of rural and urban adolescent students. No significant difference was found between mean scores of self-concept of adolescent boys and girls. 

A Study on Academic Achievement of Residential and Non-residential secondary school students in relation to Locality

Bhutali P.B.; Bamagond A.V.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 73-77
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.264

The present study intends to Study on Academic Achievement of Residential and Non-residential secondary school students in relation to Locality. Investigator studied Dharwad district Residential and Non-residential secondary school students’ Academic achievement and Adjustment. The sample of the study consists of 500 Residential and Non-residential secondary school X standard students of Dharwad district. Investigator used Descriptive Survey method for the present study. Investigator prepared and used Academic achievement test. Investigator visited the Residential and Non-residential secondary schools of Dharwad district and collected data from the students. The descriptive and differential statistics is used for the analysis of collected data.The results of the study reveal that the Mean and SD of the non-residential rural secondary school students have significant higher academic achievement (79.79±6.53) as compared to residential rural secondary school students (77.67±6.75) and the non-residential urban secondary school students have significant higher academic achievement (79.79±6.53) as compared to residential urban secondary school students (77.67±6.75).

Soldiers health monitoring and tracking system using IOT and UAV

Hari Krishna J; Pramoth R; Anoint Joshua Paul J; Abhishek S; Prabhu T

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 78-81
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.265

Abstract-For the past five years in Indian history there are totally 106 percent soldiers has lost their life during the terrorist attack so the checking of the soldiers health in a war and the observing during the terrorist attack are been so significant know a days. In the field of sensors the innovation has accumulated the tremendous development and numerous wearable body sensors (WBS) have been invented. In this paper we portray the system of WBS which will be mounted the soldiers jacket and the data from the WBS are been transmitted to the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and for the explanation of strong communication the data are likewise been transmitted to the military truck. Furthermore, the data transmitted will be seen through the secured website in the receiver side so the communication between the transceiver will be the stronger one. The jacket consist of a body temperature & humidity sensor, heart beat pulse sensor, gas sensor, global positioning system (GPS) module and the medic space  the outcome which appear in the web page where the precision are practically equivalent to the commercial device.

Government Expenditure and Macroeconomic Parameters of India in Post Liberalisation Period

Sultan Singh

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 82-87
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.266

The active role of state through an increased level of government outlay has been key determinant of aggregate demand in India and thus led to enhanced growth rate coupled with active participation of private sector in 1990s. The sound macroeconomic parameters, albeit, with intermittent variation do profoundly tells success story of market friendly economic reforms vis a vis dynamic & effective state intervention through state sponsored market friendly measures to boost aggregate demand in post liberalisation period.

Design, analysis and data management of open Drain/Sewer solid waste cleaning robot

Kaaviya L

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 88-92
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.267

Sewage Treatment Plants are designed to handle the volume of sewage produced by target areas, however we face issues in streamlining the city’s sewage lines to its destination on the grid. It is advisable to treat sewage at source and localize the STP plants. Indian city planning does not have the means and methods to complete elaborate systems at a stretch, this has caused disparity in development even within cities which has left it with numerous open drains and sewers. Though laid to serve as storm drains, open drains and sewers found across taluks are being used as sewage disposal lines. To overcome the difficulty of maintaining such structures, an automated open drain/sewer solid waste desilting machine is proposed. The machine removes all the solid waste that disrupts the steady flow of sewage. As a result, the natural flow velocity with which the pipelines are laid carries over such waste to the required STP. The machine is attached with ultrasonic sensors that detect the amount of waste present and its range. This data is transferred using an IoT software and the resulting data is a coherent graph.

Performance of groundnut to different soil fertility amendments in coastal sandy soil

Arunkumar S.; Arivazhagan K.; Sriramachadrasekharan M. V.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 93-97
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.268

A field experiment was carried out using groundnut variety VRI 2 in coastal sandy soil  in Pichavaram coastal village near Chidambaram which represented sandy texture and had a pH-7.44, EC-0.12  dSm-1 and available NPK of 139, 15 and 143 Kg ha-1, respectively. The experiment conducted were nine treatments viz., T1 – Absolute control, T2 - 100% RDF Alone, T3 - 125% RDF Alone, T4 - 100% RDF + Press mud @ 10 t ha-1 + Sea weed extract, T5 – 100% RDF + Vermicompost @ 6 t ha-1 + Sea weed extract, T6 – 100% RDF + Coirpith Compost @ 6 t ha-1 + Sea weed extract, T7 – 125% RDF + Press mud @ 10 t ha-1 + Sea weed extract, T8 – 125% RDF + Vermicompost @ 6 t ha-1 + Sea weed extract, T9 – 125% RDF + Coirpith Compost @ 6 t ha-1 + Sea weed extract. The result revealed that application of 125% RDF + Press mud @ 10 t ha-1 + Sea weed extract (T7) recorded higher values in parameters viz., plant height (63.30cm), Leaf area index (1.48), Number of leaves (45.30), Dry matter production (3816), Pod yield (2157), Kernel yield (1119), nitrogen uptake (68.92), phosphorus uptake(12.64), Potassium uptake (12.64), Calcium uptake (61.57), Magnesium uptake (23.64) and BC ratio (2.88).

Analyzing and Experimenting Open Source OCR Engines in RPA with Levenshtein Distance Algorithm

Malathi T; Diwaan Chandar C S; Nithish S; Niranjan V; Swashthika A K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 98-104
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.269

Robotic Process Automation is a platform used to automate boring and repetitive computer processes using software bots so that humans could involve in tasks which include creativity and decision making which could not be done by robots. Optical Character Recognition takes out printed characters in an image and converts it to text. Google Tesseract OCR and Microsoft OCR were the commonly used OCR engines available in UiPath, a tool for Robotic Process Automation. In Previous, research on comparing those two open source OCR engine, there we made comparison on basic factors which included speed, hardware requirements, accuracy ,but in that case, accuracy was been calculated manually which gave us results but with less precise, as it was a manual process to substitute scraped data to that formulas, In this research we’ve made results with more precision by performing a String comparison algorithm named, “Levenshtein Distance Algorithm” which is deployed in UiPath.

A Comprehensive Review on the Materials for Chemical Engineering

Vivek Kumar; Bhawani E.; Babu T.; Choudhary R.N.P.; Balgovind Tiwari

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 105-110
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.270

The physics and chemistry of materials is being well studied by physicists and chemists respectively. Specifically in chemical engineering, materials science is one of the progressive field where the chemical engineers are involved in the invention and alteration of properties of different materials and/or substances. For instance, the plastic science has been and is being evolved by the research and development of large number of scientists and researchers across the world. This review provide the fundamental knowledge on the different types of materials for the chemical engineering research. A comprehensive review on the history, development, processing and properties of ceramics is demonstrated in this work. 

Production and Prospects of Agriculture -A case Study of Shimoga District of Karnataka

Ganeshappa K

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 111-115
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.271

Agriculture has a predominant role not only for food grains to the people but also supplies raw materials to the industries and it is considered as integral part of social, culture, tradition, and combination of all walks of life in the district. The present paper focuses on the problems and prospects of agriculture in the Shimoga District of Karnataka especially on major production problems faced by the farmers. The production problems like quality seeds are not available, sources of irrigation non-available in time; supply of power is insufficient, non-availability of labour in the peak period, literacy rate of the farmers is very low, farmers depended on local moneylenders etc. The paper highlights on the prospects of agriculture, such as plantation and horticulture, dairy farming, mushroom, organic farming etc. The multistage random sampling methodology was followed to collect the primary data. The statistical tool used for testing hypothesis is chi-square test. It is significant at 5% level of significance that there is an association between production and the problem of agricultural products. (P<0.001). The sustainability of agriculture is possible where there is need for perfect synergy between public and private sectors, civil society organizations in the society.

Rediscovery of handloom cluster with reference to sustainability and empowerment

Shangrella M K Rajesh

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICSTM 12S, Pages 116-120
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.272

This study concentrates on natural dyeing methods to contribute to the sustainability phenomenon, which is a buzzword in the fashion industry now. Kerala being a state where jack tree is abundantly available any time of the year, this study proposes to revive this cluster by training these women with the sustainable and innovative dyeing technique of jack bark dyeing. The jack tree, a major source of natural dye, has a potential demand in the international market. Today people around the globe are rediscovering color using renewable and non - toxic natural sources. Now-a-days, people are becoming health conscious, and are going organic, herbal, or natural. Although there is an affinity towards organic food, organic textiles, herbal cosmetics/medicines, the knowledge about natural dyes and application of natural dyes is minimal. Bark wood of jack tree is first made into chips, sawdust or even powdered. In order to survive in this competitive world, this all women cluster needs to be innovative and creative in what they produce. To keep the handloom tradition with natural tint in it, this jack tree dye recipe will play the major role.