Volume 2, Special Issue ICIES 9S - Issue Serial Number 9, September 2020, Page 1-200

Assessment of Segmentation techniques for skin cancer detection

Srividya T.D.; Arulmozhi V

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 1-13
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.151

Skin cancer appears to be the most common among all tumors throughout the globe. The initial finding of skin cancer can be alleviated. Late detection leads to fatal. A human inquiry is thought-provoking. The biopsy procedure is agonizing, so computerized examination of skin cancer turns out to be noteworthy.  A prevalent literature survey is carried out to study the State-of-art procedures for skin cancer diagnosis. Segmentation of skin lesion is a crucial task due to several features like the existence of hair, illumination difference, irregular skin color, and multiple unnatural skin regions. This paper recommends a comparison of various segmentation techniques and k-means clustering algorithms to segment the lesion. Several methodologies have been anticipated to determine skin cancer. The features can be resolved by familiarizing an advanced method for segmenting the skin lesion from macroscopic images based on the discrete wavelet transformation.

Analysis of Power Generating Speed Breaker Based on Modified Slider Crank Mechanism

Pranav Bhardwaj; Ishan Verma

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 14-19
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.152

The project focuses on producing energy through non-conventional sources. Ever increasing energy demand may not be satisfied by fossil fuels or other conventional energy sources in coming future. Also burning fossil fuel to extract energy for various uses is a major concern in today’s scenario as it is polluting our environment .This project aims to extract energy from vehicles through the speed breaker without polluting the surrounding. A lot of benefits are mentioned like uses of renewable resources, eco-friendly. But what make this project interesting and unique is the use of piezoelectric discs which acts as transducers and convert force into electrical energy. At last it also discusses the parameters and calculations necessary for making this project and working model.

Performance Analysis of the Microgrid System for an Educational Institute by Using ETAP Software

Ishan Verma; Rama Prasanna Dalai; Surya Narayan Sahu; Biswajit Mohapatra

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 20-25
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.153

Integration of renewable energy into power grid systems by the use of microgrid are becoming attractive to supply electricity to remote areas in all aspects like reliability, sustainability, and environmental concerns; especially for communities living far in areas where grid extension is difficult so generation of renewable energy resources like solar energy to provide reliable power supply with improved system efficiency and significant cost reduction is best way. This paper reports the ETAP model of a conventional grid connected to Microgrid system of an educational Institute. The purpose of this work is to study the prototype model which is been designed according to some standard electrical conditions. This paper also provides the readers the understanding about the selection appropriate protective equipments, proper cable sizing and electrical parameters which results in a energy efficient design. In this paper we have considered an educational Institute which is connected to 33/0.4 kV conventional grid supply and to this system a 50 kW microgrid is connected.

Advance Techniques for Diclofenac Removal from Pharmaceutical Wastewater: A Review

Amir Khan; Mohsin Anwer

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 26-31
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.154

Diclofenac is an anti-inflammatory, non-steroidal drug used to treat pain and inflammatory disorders such as gout. Since diclofenac is not fully absorbed in the body, it is apparent that a part of it is defecated and enters the aqueous system. Diclofenac may also be fed to the natural environment by waste from the pharmaceutical industry. Diclofenac 's presence in nature may have adverse effects on living organisms. In reality, human life and the health of natural ecosystems can be widely jeopardized. Therefore, various remediation techniques, like advanced oxidation processes, membrane filtration, biological treatment, electro-coagulation etc., are reviewed and contrasted in this review paper in order to eliminate diclofenac from the waste water or reduce its life to a minimum. Though, currently, many conventional techniques are being used for the removal of such persistent compounds but more advanced techniques should be introduced to mitigate the environmental and human health risk.

Analysis of NDN Messenger Using Chrono Sync Library

Vijaya Eligar; Nalini Iyer; Jeet Shah; Manjunath K H

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 32-38
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.155

Named Data Networking (NDN) is an Internet Architecture which is designed to network computing devices by naming data instead of the conventional data containers used in Internet Protocols today.The main purpose is to evolve the Internet’s host-based packet delivery model. The Named Data Networking service uses the name as the object to retrieve the data in the most secure, reliable and efficient way. Chrono chat is based on NDN (Named Data Networking) which is the future, depicting the ways messages will be sent and received. Chrono chat, being a multi-user chat room, runs over an NDN server. In this paper we propose the functioning of the Chrono Sync Library to achieve synchronization which aids in the transmission of information in real time implementation of the application functioning over the Named Data Network. This paper proposes an implementation of chrono sync library to provide a better alternative using C++, Java, JavaScript and python languages for Linux and Windows based operating systems

Improved Performance of M-Ary PSK Modulation over AWGN Channel Using Channel Coding Technique

Channaveeramma E; Palaniswamy K. M.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 39-43
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.156

Spectral efficiency improvement with guaranteed communication consistency using channel coding techniques is the direction in which communication systems evolves. This paper presents M-ary PSK modulation performance over AWGN channel for higher M values. In this paper we simulate the performance of M-ary PSK modulation for higher orders of modulation applying irregular LDPC channel coding technique and obtain improved SNR as compared to uncoded M-ary Phase Shift Keying for M values varying from 4 to 4096.

A Study in Sorption of Cu+2 , Fe+2 and I2 onto Graft copolymers of Cellulose with N-Vinyl Pyrrolidone and Butyl Acrylate, and Their Functionalized Derivatives

Suresh Kumar

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 44-47
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.157

Cellulose is of special interest due to its abundance in nature and it provides excellent materials for membranes both in native and derivatized forms. Graft copolymers of cellulose when used in separation and enrichment technologies have advantages over the conventional ones, due to chemical resistance, radiation stability and low cost of preparation. Cellulose based graft copolymers and hydrogels offer large hydrophilic area despite being insoluble in water and enrich or separate metal ion by binding, adsorption, chelation and ion exchange processes. Potential of cellulose as sorbent can be improved by radiation and chemical grafting, crosslinking and polymer analogous reactions on some graft copolymers. Grafting of suitable monomers with hydrophobic and hydrophilic/ionic moieties combine high degree of selectivity, permeability and longer stability, and enables complexation with low molecular weight species. Incorporation of functional groups like nitrile, hydrazino, hydroxamic acid and phosphate by derivatization and post polymer reactions enhances metal ion sorption capacity of Cellulosics. In present study an attempt has been made to study the sorption of Fe+2, Cu+2 and I2 on select graft copolymers of cellulose with N-Vinylpyrrolidone (1-Vinyl-2-prrolidone, N-VP) and Butyl Acrylate(BuAc) on to cellulose and some of their functionalized derivatives, on the basis of lowest to highest percent grafting (Pg). An attempt has also been made to investigate selectivity in metal ion sorption and effects of structural aspects of functionalized graft copolymers to find their end-uses as cost effective and eco-friendly polymeric materials for waste water management technologies.

Analysis of Student Academic Performance through Expert systems

Kandula Neha; S Jahangeer Sidiq

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 48-54
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.158

Predicting the performance of students is one of the most important topics required for learning contexts such as colleges and universities, as it helps to design successful mechanisms that boost tutorial outcomes and prevent dropouts among various items. These are benefited by automating the many processes involved in the activities of usual students which handle huge volumes of information collected from package tools for technology-enhanced learning. Thus, the careful analysis and interpretation of these information would provide us with valuable data regarding the data of the students and therefore the relationship between them and hence the tutorial tasks. This data is the supply which feeds promising algorithms and methods able to estimate the success of the students. During this analysis, virtually many papers were analysed to show radically different trendy techniques widely applied to predict the success of students, along with the goals they need to achieve in this area. These computing-related techniques and approaches are mainly machine learning techniques, deep learning techniques, Artificial Neural Networks & Neural Networks Convolution, etc. This paper demonstrates the analysis and their comparisons of various methods used to forecast Student Academic success.

Climatic Change and Changing Structure of Labour Force in Indian Agriculture

Devi L.; Rajendran R.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 55-59
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.159

A number of structural, technological and climatic changes in Indian agriculture involve a large variation in labour force distribution. The proportion of the agricultural labour force to the total labour force in India has declined for the past two decades and migration in the agricultural labour force has increased.  It is viewed from various studies that since Indian agriculture depends mainly on climate conditions for its irrigation, unfavourable changes in climate led lower agricultural productivity and made the poor agriculture labour force poorer

Green Technology: A Contribution to Sustainable Development in India

Jayalakshmi M.; Mahalingam M.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 60-63
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.160

Green technology is a system that uses innovative methods to create environment friendly products. It is an environmental friendly technology developed and used in such a way that it doesn’t disturb our environment and conserves natural resources. Green technology is developed in such a way that it protects the environment. This research aims to elaborate green technology and related terms along with how it would be helpful in the sustainable development.

Performance Analysis of Ml Techniques for Spam Filtering

Logeswari T.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 64-69
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.161

The rise in the volume of unwanted spam emails has made the development of a lot more necessary more reliable and robust filters for antispam. Current machine learning approaches are used to excel Spam emails can be detected and filtered. Filtering solutions to text spam. The analysis discusses core principles, actions, efficacy, and Spam filtering trend for research. The first topic in the research study aims at the requests Machine learning approaches for the operation of filters of spam by the leading providers of internet infrastructure (ISPs) The increasing quantity of unnecessary bulk email (also called spam) has generated a secure need Filters for anti-spam. Then the review compares the strengths and disadvantages of existing methods of machine learning and open research Spam handling problems. As future strategies suggested extreme leaning and strongly opposed schooling that can handle the danger of spam emails effectively.

An Invogue Myth of Dear Brutus

Poornima S V

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 70-73
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.162

Shakespeare has made Brutus a renaissance humanist. He is identifiable with Plato, Aristotle, Thomas More or Francis Bacon. He is a republican and an idealist. He is made to love the nation and to love the individualism. In this way Shakespeare makes him the image of the renaissance embodying all the beams of the spirit. In course of time, Brutus becomes a knowledge center and who undergoing a change to fit an ideal to the changing situation. The image of Brutus also changes in due course. The image is socialized and secularized to represent the meaning of freedom and liberty in different versions. In this regard, one can bring an analogy between the character of Brutus in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar and any character in Barrie’s play Dear Brutus. The thoughts of the Elizabethan Brutus are reminded and practiced by the common men and women in their routine existence. During the transition, the new knowledge is spread as if it is the Christian knowledge which can brighten the human condition pushing aside the dark ignorance. The brightness of Brutus is now distributed in the form of the practicable human activities preserving the same values of liberty, equality and the brotherhood. The renaissance Brutus symbolizes the love of the nation, the love of new knowledge, the love of justice and above all the love of freedom. These ideas become the main forces in the formation of Brutus myth. Brutus continues to live propagating these values even to the modern periods. Being an archetype Brutus passes on through the path of art and through the doctrines relevencing the path to the path human construct in society.

Introduction on Data Analysis and Graphical Representation of Data

Sukeerthi T; Sukanya K.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 74-79
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.163

In everyday life, most of the members using spreadsheets for maintenance of their professional or research works. A small amount of statisticians or researchers using the Microsoft excel to do statistical computations and mathematical functions which are in-built. The implementation of this paper leads to guide the researchers or statisticians based on techniques used by professional data management teams to save their time and get better knowledge about data analysing. By doing themselves, they get correct and accurate results on their collection of data. Through Microsoft Excel, researchers would collect data, summarizes data, interpret data and perform specific techniques that can suits their work. The main aim of the study is to enrich their knowledge on data analysis and graphical representation in computational method.

Covid19 - Impacts on the Indian Floriculture

Chetan K; Yogish S.N.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 80-84
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.164

The devastating impact of COVID-19 on the flower sector in India is visible even in regions where the virus has not affected people. This has been caused by the complete prostration of the market as a result of the nationwide lockdown in the wake of the pandemic. The Departments of Horticulture in some provinces are starting to undertake surveys to assess the losses in this sector. A detailedCOVID-19 impact assessment urgently needed on the floriculture sector. This article discusses some of the impacts of floriculture lockdowns. It also addresses the blows of the economic slowdown on agriculture

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India: problems and Challenges

Sharath A.M; Yogish S.N

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 85-89
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.165

Micro, tiny associate degree Medium Enterprises represent the backbone of the associate degree economy in maintaining a considerable rate and in generating employment opportunities. This sector has been thought to be an engine of economic process and social development in several developed and developing countries Contribution of MSMEs to the Indian economy in terms of employment generation, containing regional disparities, fostering an evenhanded economic process and enhancing the export potential of the country has been quite extraordinary. Despite some infrastructural deficiencies and challenges like the flow of institutional credit and inadequate market linkages, this sector has registered exceptional success with respect to the increase in variety, quantum of investment, scale of production and overall contribution to national gross domestic product. The study makes an effort to specialize in the massive growth potential and opportunities offered in the Republic of India for the development of the MSME sector, to spot vital problems and challenges and provide suggestions to deal with similar.

Phytotoxic Effect Of Cyanodon Dactylon (L.) Pers. and Cyperus Rotundus L. On Growth And Biochemical Changes of Vigna Radiata (L.)R. Wilczek

Edwina K; Leela P.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 90-96
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.166

This study is based on the phytotoxic effect  of aqueous extracts of the weed  Cyanodondactylon (L.) Pers. and  Cyperus rotundus L. on seed germination, early seedling performance and pigment profile of Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek.. The different concentrations (5g/l, 10g/l, 20g/l, 30g/l, and 40g/l) of aqueous extracts of C.dactylon and C.rotundus were employed to investigate their influence on the seedling physiology of green gram. The aqueous whole plant extracts ( from 10g/l to 40g/l concentrations ) of C.dactylon and C.rotundus exhibited an inhibitory effect on germination percentage, root length, shoot length, vigour index, pigments, proteins, carbohydrates, and amino acid contents of V. radidata over control.  The extracts of both weeds caused a stimulatory effect on green gram seedlings at 5g/l concentrations  and the intensity of inhibition increased when the extract concentrations were increased. The photosynthetic pigments such as chl-a, chl-b and total chlorophyll exhibited significant reduction while carotenoid content was increased in all treatments compared to control.  The aqueous extracts of C.rotundus showed more inhibition on green gram seedlings than C.dactylon.   All treatments significantly reduced the Physiological activities of the pulse crop. All treatments significantly reduced the Physiological activities of the pulse crop, and the results suggest that the aqueous extractives from the bioparts of C.dactylon and C.rotundus were phytotoxic to the green gram seedlings.

3D-Metal Printing Technologies: Comparative Study of the ‘Electron Beam Melting’ and ‘Selective Laser Sintering’

G Kishan; B.V.S. Rao

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 97-101
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2020.167

3D-printing is an innovative manufacturing methodology. In this 3D-models can be set up using computer aided solid models. Those are digital files. A part is created in this method by establishing layers of material one over the other until the total part is formed. These layers can be thought of as a thin material slice. These methods are widely used in life-sciences, footwear, aerospace, automobile, jewelers and biomedical engineering. ‘Stereo-lithography’, ‘FDM’, ‘SLS’, and ‘EBM’ are different forms of printing techniques. Through these 3D-printing methodologies complex shaped parts can also be device with increased correctness. This paper explains the comparative study of electron beam melting with selective-laser-melting

Geological Controls of Mineralization of Corundum at Gobbagurthi, Khammam Telangana India


International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2020, Volume 2, Issue Special Issue ICIES 9S, Pages 102-104

Industrial grade Corundum and gem variety, (ruby and abrasive variety) occurs in and around Lakshmipuram and Gobbagurti areas of Khammam District of Andhra Pradesh.  The area is within the Khammam Schist Belt., which is the northern extension of the Nellore Schist Belt of the Indian Peninsular Shield. Local entrepreneurs extract corundum based on certain faiths and beliefs since a long time. The nature of occurrence of corundum in these areas represents in-situ, float, and placer concentrations. Corundum occurs along with biotite gneisses, amphibolites and sillimanite-cordierite-diopside- bearing rocks, and magnesium-aluminium rich pelitic granulites.  Tonalitic gneisses, cordierite- corundum rock and sillimanite schists form small lenticular bodies. The host rocks of corundum are intruded younger pegmatite veins that also have cut through the Precambrian suite of rocks. Distinct controls of corundum mineralisation manifested in geomorphology, structure and lithology are observed in an area that have proved to be very useful guides for understanding the various controls of corundum mineralization at Gobbagurthi as well as in surrounding areas of corundum occurrences in Khammam district