Profitability Ratio Analysis plays a vital role in corporate world, as it helps the investors to compute the returns earned out of the investments. Profitability Ratio Analysis is necessary for Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited, as they are expanding their business throughout India and the shares of Adani Group also traded at highest cost in the share market. The Paper computes the Profitability Ratios Analysis on the data of Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited which is sufficient to compare the return with its investment. The Data of Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited was collected for past five years from its secondary source and analysed. The Study helps to analyse the Profitability of the company and compare its return out of its performance with its previous years. It analyses the overall performance of the company which resulted in less profitability. Hence, we suggest to increase its revenue by expanding its business operation and by taking up new-revenue generating projects through diversification.