TiO2 and Y2O3 nanoparticles’ molecular, mechanical, and energy absorption, as well as their manufacture and applications, were evaluated. Consider- ations include their dimensions, structure, friction factor, and propagation. Matrix composites nanoparticles are fascinating substances with a great deal of promise for usage in many different sectors of the economy. Recent stud- ies imply that optimising the dispersion of the particles can create composites with truly intriguing material characteristics. It was possible to attain incred- ible results for hardness, robustness and encroaching behaviour. The conclu- sion that varying ratios of nano-TiO2 particles have successfully strengthened composite materials may be drawn primarily from the study’s findings. The endurance of the hybrid composites was greatly increased by increasing the Nano – TiO2 concentration. The surface roughness behaviour clearly shows that the fracture toughness is inversely connected with the ultimate force but directly related with the amount of TiO2 nanoparticles present.