The physics and chemistry of materials is being well studied by physicists and chemists respectively. Specifically in chemical engineering, materials science is one of the progressive field where the chemical engineers are involved in the invention and alteration of properties of different materials and/or substances. For instance, the plastic science has been and is being evolved by the research and development of large number of scientists and researchers across the world. This review provide the fundamental knowledge on the different types of materials for the chemical engineering research. A comprehensive review on the history, development, processing and properties of ceramics is demonstrated in this work.