Ensembled Elbow and Bray-Curtis Fuzzy C-Means Clustering For Energy Efficient Data Aggregation in WSN
International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub,
2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICOST 2S, Pages 12-22
AbstractWireless sensor network (WSN) comprises the distributed sensors for aggregating and organizing the data. Data aggregation is the major concern in WSN since it relies on several factors, namely energy constraints of sensors, network topology, links conditions and so on. The conventional approach does not perform efficient data aggregation due to their battery power of nodes and degrade the network lifetime. To improve data aggregation and network lifetime, An Energy-Efficient Ensembled Elbow Fuzzy C-means Clustering based Data Aggregation (EEEEFCC-DA) method is designed. Initially, residual energy of each sensor node (SN) is calculated. To determine the number of clusters, the elbow method is used in fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm. Then, Centroids value is calculated for every cluster to group SNs. Bray-Curtis Similarity Index is used to compute the similarity between the SN and Centroids value of cluster. SNs are grouped depends on the similarity value. The process gets iterated until every SNs gets clustered to the suitable clusters. After that, the SN with higher residual energy is selected as cluster head (CH). CH gathers data from each SNs and send to sink node. This, assist to enhance the data gathering accuracy and lessen the energy consumption. Simulation of EEEEFCC-DA method is carried out with various metrics namely energy consumption, network lifetime, data aggregation accuracy (DAA) and data aggregation time with number of SNs and number of data packets (DP). Results show that EEEEFCC-DA method provides better performance in term of DAA , network lifetime , energy consumption and data aggregation time than the conventional methods.
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