Development of Eco-Friendly Sanitary Napkins using Sansevieria trifasciata Fibres coated with Rosa damascena Extracts
International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub,
2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICOST 2S, Pages 76-82
AbstractThe present paper highlights the issue of non biodegradability of commercial sanitary pads and importance of using Sansevieria trifasciata plant fibres as biodegradable and eco friendly absorbent core in sanitary napkin. Commercial pads are non biodegradable causing accumulation of menstrual waste and degradation of environment. A study estimated that on an average 335 million menstruating women dispose 432 million pads every month. These sanitary pads are non-biodegradable and remain in the landfills for about 800 years. Wood pulp is the major raw material which is used as absorbent core in feminine hygienic product. But over usage of these natural resources will lead to deforestation. Commercial sanitary napkins contain chemicals which affects the health status of women. The best alternative for these synthetic materials are agricultural and plant based fibers as they are abundant, non toxic, environmental friendly and bio degradable. The purpose of the research work focuses on preliminary testing of Sansavieria trifasciata plant fibers to develop sanitary napkin with antimicrobial finishes. Sansevieria trifasciata fibers were extracted from the leaves of the plant which was subjected to pre-treatment such as scouring and bleaching to enhance the absorption property of fibers. Microencapsulation with Rosa damascena extract was applied to impart antimicrobial function to fibers. The present research work concludes that the microencapsulation of Sansevieria trifasciata fibers possess antimicrobial properties against different microorganisms such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas sp. and Candida sp. Thus Sansevieria trifasciata plant fibers could be an ideal substitute for absorbent core used in sanitary pads.
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