Volume 3, Special Issue ICEST 1S - Issue Serial Number 1, January 2021, Page 1-100


Pedestrian Safety and Travel Behavior

Ish Kumar

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.011

Due to urbanization, increased automobile growth, and lack of attention by drivers as well as pedestrians to the traffic regulations, traffic collisions affecting pedestrians, which have now become a serious safety issue in many developed nations such as India. The established road design does not have sufficient pedestrian facilities and thus there is a constant dispute between automobiles and pedestrians over sharing the limited space on a road. This often contributes to a dangerous situation and overcrowded traffic conditions for the slow speed vehicles and pedestrians. Although adequate control systems including signals are given at unregulated crossings, but still most of the pedestrians do not use the signals and tend to avoid pedestrian crossing areas that adversely impact the characteristics of the flow of traffic and the movement of road users. The objective of this research is to bring out the factors related to pedestrian accidents, characteristics of pedestrian behaviors, their crossing patterns, and also focusing on pedestrian safety with the use of infrastructure and vehicle technologies.

A Study of Customer Preference and Attitude towards Online Shopping In Bihar

Priyanka Kumari

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 7-11
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.012

Online marketing has gained huge popularity and importance all over the world. Considering the wide range of benefits it provides to marketers as well as customers, it has become one of the leading mediums of marketing. Both small as well as large-scale businesses gets opportunity to increase their sales in an effective way through online marketing. With the opportunities come the challenges also, which the marketers need to understand. The marketers need to figure out how they can use online marketing adequately for success of an organization. And something that is of paramount importance for successfully implementing online marketing is a good understanding of the customers. The marketer must know the demographic variables as well as choices of their target customers for making effective marketing strategies. Marketers ought to predict with utmost accuracy, the target customers buying preferences and their attitude on the basis of their demographic characteristics and also their buying intention. In this study attitude of customers of Bihar on the basis of their demographic variables like gender and age is determined. It is also tried to find out whether there is a relationship between attitude and buying intention of customers. Category of goods that consumers prefer to buy online in Bihar is also determined.

Assessment of water reuse potential of wastewater treatment systems used in Mumbai, India

Nayana Raut; Shashidhar R Kashyap

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 12-19
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.013

Ever growing population of Mumbai has put additional pressure on existing infrastructure in terms of huge demand for portable water as well as treatment of city’s waste water. Study aimed at review of city’s wastewater in order to understand the reality of treatment quality of wastewater, it’s reusability in terms of offsetting growing water demands of domestic, industrial and agricultural fields in and around the city. Literature review and case study method was used in order to get primary as well as secondary data for achieving data regarding overall functioning and water balance of the city. Because of lot of irregularities, current wastewater management systems are asking for paradigm shift from current centralized wastewater treatment systems to decentralized wastewater treatment systems. Conventional treatment systems treat wastewater as a ‘waste’ yet there is some reuse potential. Concept of collecting water and wastewater separately for better treatment, increased reuse potential, savings upon energy and better nutrient recovery can be used in order to move towards more ecologically and economically sound waste water management systems. To demonstrate this idea documentary and discourse analysis is used.  The paper starts by providing general overview about water scarcity and security in India and then proceeds to provide comparative analysis between centralized and decentralized treatment systems used in the city in order to identify it’s water reuse potential. Second, legislative and policy framework used in the city for wastewater treatment and management which is then followed by outline of the current situation and reflections on system dynamics in City. Third, the paper ends with a discussion on practical implications, policy options and conclusion. The presented study gives conceptual model based on Net Zero concept which can be helpful in making of sustainable future cities.

Gyroscopic hybrid bicycle

Akash C B; Deva praseeth; Jills Babu; Mohammed Ryan; Thilak G

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 20-26
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.014

Described in this paper is a Self-Stabilizing Hybrid Bicycle. Gyroscope technology is implemented to develop the balancing forces to achieve stability on all terrains. The main principle revolves around generating the counteracting torque to help stabilize the tilting action of the vehicle. Along with this, we have introduced a hybrid system to prime the cycle when the rider is tired. The hybrid system includes a battery which can be charged by three different ways: Solar power, mechanical power from a dynamo from the pedal and an Ac supply charge. To charge the electric motor driving the bicycle, the energy from all these three paths is used. The hybrid-powered bicycle is built so that the rider can drive the bicycle in two ways, i.e. he can choose to use the electric motor entirely or he can ride it by himself manually which in turn charges the battery.

Strength improvement of RC flat slab-column connection with SFRC composite-A Review

Karthik Muchakurthi; Santhosh Mudu; Satish Brahmalla; Banka Hadassa Joice

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 27-29
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.015

According in the world, the strength improves through using steel fibre reinforced concrete  (SFRC), has been widely used in structures and also mostly useful in slab-column connections. The main reason steel fibre to be used; adding of additional loads, analysis part is in incorrect way, design process and others reasons. SFRC deals with every aspects of structures and its applications. Each specification has its own standards. In this paper, an attempt is made to make a comparison between design standards in Improving strength of rc flat slab-column connections using SFRC to explain the design and its strength parameters. The study of this paper is based on the American Concrete Institute (ACI), Concrete Society technical report 55 and Indian Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE-IS), The comparison results has been taken from (ASCE-IS), the report of 55 in Concrete Society technical gives the optimum value of the load.

Identification of CT Lung Tumor Using Fuzzy Clustering Algorithm

Jalal deen K; Karthigai Priya G; Magesh B; Kubendran R

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 30-33
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.016

The main principle for the system-based study of lung cancers in CT images is cancer cell recognition and segmentation. Anyhow, in low-contrast pictures, it is a complex job as the low-level images are too small to detect. We are proposing a new technique in this project for the automated detection of lung cancers. Alternatively, by probability density function estimation, we enhance the intensity contrast of CT images. We use the expectation maximization / maximization of the posterior marginal to find cancerous areas. Finally, to decrease noise and classify focal cancers, we use shape limitation. The resolution of more than 95 percent of this fuzzy-based segmentation method is achieved and 9 percent accuracy is also given.

Analysis of Mechanical Properties of AA2014 and AA7075 Dissimilar Metals Using Friction Stir Welding

Manikandan N.; Logesh vinoth K.; Nimal kumar R.; Pavithran P.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 34-39
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.017

A efficient method of entering the state is the Friction stir welding (FSW).The joining temperature is lower than that and the phase used Inside the types of Welding via selection. With this one way, FSW is deemed to have give over combination welding, a few focal points for separate metal with welding. This research focuses on the impacts of material location and rotational speed on tensile strength. This study focuses on the latest test of the unit. For the welding process, material alloys for AA2014 and AA7075 are selected. The welded ones aluminium compounds are materials6.0 mm thick and are not used by conventional manufacturing equipment. Three sets of Varying rotational speeds have created joints of the system and by replacing the fixed situation on advancement and progress with drawing sides of the material. The study found that If AA7075aluminium amalgams with clear surface appearance and no surface appearance were set at a rotational speed of 1000 rpm on the propelling side. internal deformity over welding region, the greatest rigidity of 207 MPa has been achieved sample for sample C, while the most reduced elasticity was 160 MPa when it was AA7075,mounted on the retreating side with extreme passage deserts in the welding field contributing spread to be divided, it was obtained for sample A. Along these lines, more fragile materials should on the propelling hand, set it in specific welding to cause warmth from the revolution of the instrument and smoothness of the arrangement of the stream of content in the mixed region.

Performance enhancement of Waffles (Appalam) drying using mixed mode solar dryer

Subramanian C.; Chandru Deva Kannan P.; Karthikeyan L.; Prakashraj G.; Nadaraj P.

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 40-45
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.018

In this present work, investigations are made to study the performance of mixed mode solar dryer for waffles drying. The design, development and performance analysis of mixed mode solar dryer for drying of waffles (appalam) is reported. The design was developed under metrological conditions at Puducherry. A novel numerical model was developed to enhance the productivity rate by reducing the drying time of the waffles (appalam).

A Study of Aggression among Adolescents

Sona Thakur; Kuldip Kaur Grewal

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 46-51
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.019

The present paper aims to study prevalence of aggression among adolescents. A descriptive study was conducted to explore the relationship   between aggression and family environment among adolescents. A sample consisting of 200 adolescents was taken from the three districts of Punjab state namely Ludhiana, Sangrur and Hoshiarpur. Data was collected with the help of Aggression Scale by Dr. G.P.Mathur and Dr. Raj Kumari Bhatnagar (2012) and Family Environment Scale by Dr. Harpreet Bhatia and Dr. N.K. Chadha (2015) .Subsequently data was subjected to statistical analysis. Results clearly indicated a significant relationship between overall aggression and family environment of adolescent students. 

Array Multiplier and CIA based FIR Filter for DSP applications

Mohan Kumar B.N; Rangaraju H.G

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 52-59
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.020

In Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) platform, Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter is one of the important applications in the context of Digital Signal Processing (DSP). The traditional FIR is designed using a number of the adders, multipliers which enlarge the area of the filter architecture. Generally, the multiplier and adder are required to design the FIR filter. In this research, Array Multiplier (AM) is used in the Processing Element (PE) for multiply the filter inputs with coefficients. This research employs the Carry Increment Adder (CIA) in the accumulator for the adding output of the PE. The proposed method is named as AM -CIA-FIR filter. Due to the usage of AM and CIA adder, the hardware utilization of the proposed work is improved. The AM -CIA-FIR filter is implemented in Xilinx ISE software by using Verilog code on different Virtex devices in terms of Virtex-4, Virtex-5, and Virtex-6. This experiment results showed that AM -CIA-FIR filter has reduced 14.01 % of the FPGA utilization compared to the PSA-FIR filter design.

Modern tools in Agricultural Practices at Nagapattinam District – Field Realities

Dr. G. Sheela Edward

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 60-66
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.021

Well-groomed farmers ready by accepting modern and smart agriculture Equipment. To increase income most farmers in India do farming through traditional methods, owing to which they find not as much of crop produce. As an effect, their profit starts reducing. At the same time, by farming with the help of modern resources and mechanical farming equipment the farmer increases his crop production.  Uses of these modern farming tools will boost farmer manufacture and income. Nowadays, the farmers who are following smart farming are producing good profits by using the latest farming equipment equipped with new technology, which is raising their earnings. There are many innovations taking place to boost output and farmers cheer up in the fields of the farming sector. Modern farming machines help to increase significance and excellence of effort. Particularly new farming equipment is helping to supply improved; defend the public and atmosphere of the earth. Shortly we can say that new farming equipment is nothing but to reduce human attempt.

Predicting Severity of Diabetic Retinopathy using Deep Learning Models

Nitin Shivsharanr; Sanjay Ganorkar

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 67-72
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.022

This paper presents deep learning models for the classification of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) grades. The goal of this research is to find and create a deep learning model that will help us identify the image with high accuracy into one of the five phases of the DR as no DR, mild, moderate, severe, and proliferative DR.The whole work is developed using four steps. The first, using Ben Graham's pre-possessing form, the fundus images were pre-processed. Secondly, in order to train the models, the preprocessed images are contributed to the deep learning algorithm. The third,deep learning models such as Deep CNN, Dense Net, and Group 19 Visual Geometry (VGG19) are developed to predict the severity of the DR. The APTOS Blindness Detection dataset is used to train the proposed deep learning models. Since the data set is imbalanced in nature, the issue of training bias contributes to it. Therefore, at the time of training the models, class weight technique is used to eliminate the training bias problem. In the case of DR grading structures, the proposed deep learning models work well. The Dense Net has been found to work better than the other two models.

Cloud Technology and Return on Investment (ROI)

Vikas R Gangadhar; Ajim Shaikh

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 73-79
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.023

Many organizations across the globe have adopted cloud technology or they are in process of migrating their existing IT setup to cloud platform. Are they really reaping the benefits of cloud technology? The cloud service providers play a vital role by providing technology inside and right direction to their clients. Companies will not opt for cloud technology unless they see the real benefits to their business. They will invest into the proposal, which will provide them higher returns. Adopting cloud technology certainly provides multiple levers for improving the returns on investment (ROI). One should choose a right cloud solution by following best practices and adopting the right cloud strategy for their own business solution. ROI is most widely used for financial success in trades. ROI is the equivalent increase in the value on your investment over a period of time. The basic ways to improve ROI are to reduce the investment, increase revenue, decrease operational costs, and start the early returns.Cloud computing should not be seen as a technical infrastructure advancement then we will be missing the wider picture of the impact of technology over the business outcomes. The value proposition matters most, and it does not always represent the financial performance. It can be customer value, corporate value or market brand value. Those aspects should not be ignored.This paper covers the drivers, which contributes to ROI and shows how to use these levers to get maximum benefits.

Computing Wearable’s Enabling Taking Body Measurements Physical to Digital

Shubhangi Yadav; Bhawana Chanana

International Research Journal on Advanced Science Hub, 2021, Volume 3, Issue Special Issue ICEST 1S, Pages 80-83
DOI: 10.47392/irjash.2021.024

If a device tells you whatever garment you are wearing is not the best fit for your body, would you change? If yes, then Computing wearable’s are fosters for providing personal information to the wearer about their body measurements. In medical sciences computing wearables not only track your day to day health-related data but also help in effective implementation of prevention and treatment techniques. Online apparel shopping is an easy method, which consumes less time and you can find everything you need. Apparel fitment becomes a key between acceptance and disappointment. In India there are no standard size charts available so apparel manufacturers are using size charts as per their own understanding and research. This may irritate the customers while trying to identify appropriate size, and may result into rejections, return of apparel. According to recent studies, between 20-40% of all online apparel purchased 70 % is returned, only due to issues with fit alone, which costing fashion e-tailors millions. Here the Body measurements data generated through computing wearable’s can be an innovative and interactive method for selection of right garment which may put conventional taking body measurements method out of the market.